Frensh Hendrik Verwoerd (Verwoerd Hendrik Frensch)( Prime Minister of the Republic of South Africa.)
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Biography Frensh Hendrik Verwoerd (Verwoerd Hendrik Frensch)
Born in Amsterdam (Netherlands), September 8, 1901. He received his doctorate in psychology at the University of Stellenbosch, he studied at the universities of Hamburg, Leipzig and Berlin. He returned to Stellenbosch in 1927, became a professor of applied psychology, then a professor of sociology. Verwoerd hosted a national conference on the issue of poverty among whites, held in Kimberley in 1934. In 1937 became editor of the newspaper 'De Transvaler' body of the National Party which opened in Johannesburg Afrikaans. During the Second World War, his sympathies were on the side of Nazi Germany. Lost a lawsuit for defamation against the Johannesburg newspaper 'Star', accusing him of that spiritually it's closer Berchtesgaden 'than South Africa.
In 1948, when the National Party came to power, Verwoerd ran for the lower house of parliament, but later that same year was elected to the Senate. In 1950 he was appointed Minister of Bantu in the office of Daniel Malan and secured legislation that allowed the government virtually complete control over relations between the races (TN. apartheid). Retained ministerial post in the government Johannes Streydoma, succeeded him as prime minister in September 1958. Author Bantu Self-Government Act, under which envisaged the resettlement of black Africans in particular homelands (black states). In early 1960, . After the excitement of Africans, . protesting against the compulsory wearing of identity, . were brutally suppressed, . Verwoerd was shot twice in the head at close range from David Pratt, . white farmer, . subsequently deemed mentally ill,
After recovery Verwoerd resumed efforts to implement its program of apartheid, will have different laws for whites, Asians and Africans color (black). In October 1960, received the support of the majority of white voters in a referendum, which was a question of whether to be South African republic or remain dependent on the Crown. In March 1961 the Government announced that due to criticism of its racial policies of the Commonwealth of South Africa will not remain in the Commonwealth after the proclamation of the Republic May 31, 1961. In the elections of 1961 and 1966 the National Party won a solid majority in parliament. Verwoerd was assassinated in Cape Town on September 6, 1966.