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FARM Pierre (Fermat Pierre)

( French mathematician.)

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Biography FARM Pierre (Fermat Pierre)
(1601-1665)
Born August 17, 1601 in Beaumont-de-Lohmann. By profession a lawyer, was in the public service: from 1631 to 1648 was authorized to receive petitions, and since 1648 and before the end of life - an advisor of the Parliament of Toulouse. Was considered an expert of classical literature, a linguist and a poet. Mathematics has always been a passion for the farm, and yet he laid the foundations of many of its areas - analytic geometry, infinitesimal calculus, probability theory. Corresponded with Descartes on analytic geometry, first used its methods to three-dimensional space. The name of the two farms is the famous theorem of the theory of numbers: small Fermat's last theorem and the 'great' Fermat's last theorem, which works in the margins of Diophantus, he wrote: 'I found this truly wonderful proof, but these fields are too small for him'. According to this theorem, the equation for n> 2 has no positive integral roots. The proof of the theorem in general form was obtained only in 1994. Fermat died in Castres, near Toulouse, January 12, 1665.


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