FLORA Howard Walter (Florey Howard Walter)( English pathologist and microbiologist.)
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Biography FLORA Howard Walter (Florey Howard Walter)
In 1945 awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (jointly with E. Cheney and A. Fleming) for the discovery and obtain a pure penicillin. Born September 24, 1898 in Adelaide (Australia). He graduated from the University of Adelaide (1921). In 1921-1924 he studied at Oxford University, where he received a medical degree. In 1925 as a Fellow of the Rockefeller Foundation on probation in the U.S.. From 1927 to 1931 he worked and lectured at Cambridge University. Since 1931 - Professor of Pathological Anatomy University of Sheffield, from 1935 - William Dana Institute in Oxford. Since 1962 - rector of King's College, Oxford University.
The first work devoted to research Flory inflammatory functions of lymphocytes, the properties of lysozyme. In 1938, Florey at Oxford, together with Cheney began studying the therapeutic properties of penicillin, Fleming's Open in 1928. In 1939 headed the clean-up of this drug, isolated from culture mold. In experiments on animals showed that penicillin has a strong antibacterial effect. In 1941 spent (with Cheney) the first successful clinical trials of new drug.
The merits of the scientist awarded gold medal I. Berzelius, a gold medal MV Lomonosov. In 1944 he was elevated to the dignity of knighthood. Flory - one of the authors Antibiotics (Antibiotics, vol. 2, 1949), author of General Pathology (General Pathology, 1957). Florey died in Oxford on Feb. 21, 1968.