FAURE Gabriel Urban (Faur Gabriel-Urbain)( French composer and teacher.)
Comments for FAURE Gabriel Urban (Faur Gabriel-Urbain)
Biography FAURE Gabriel Urban (Faur Gabriel-Urbain)
Born May 12, 1845 in Pamiers (Department of Ariege). The younger son of a schoolteacher, he was educated at the School of classical and sacred music, founded Niedermeyer to prepare for church musicians. After school, Faure was the organist place - first in Rennes, then in Paris and, finally, in the Paris church of. Madeleine, where he became the successor C.Saint-Saens, one of his teachers.
After lasted several years of unsuccessful romance with Marianne Viardot Faure in 1883, married Marie Frema, daughter of sculptor E. Frema. They had two sons, of whom the eldest, Emmanuel, became well-known expert on the biology of the sea, and the youngest, Philip - renowned writer.
In 1898, Faure visited London, where he conducted his music to the play by M. Maeterlinck's Pelleas and Melisende in the play, staged by Forbes-Robertson. In 1896, FaurцL became professor of composition at the Paris Conservatoire (after Jules Massenet), and in 1905 - its director. By the end of life Faure lost his hearing, he resigned as director in 1920 and lived on a modest retirement, devoting himself entirely to composition.
Faure - the largest in France, author of romances, of which about a hundred of his legacy, and the most interesting poems written on Leconte de Lisle, Verlaine and Wang Lerberge. He also composed the excellent piano music. His early chamber-instrumental works are innovative and superior innovation S. Frank, later the same chamber compositions seventy Faure may be considered by analogy with the last quartets of Beethoven. Faure also belongs requiem (1886), . essay, . full of sincere faith and deep humanity, . opera Penelope (Pnlope, . premiere in Monte Carlo in 1913), . postvagnerianskoe form essay, . marked, . however, . always characteristic of FaurцL grace invoices,
. FaurцL died in Paris on November 4, 1924.