Edward Morgan Forster (Forster Edward Morgan)( English writer.)
Comments for Edward Morgan Forster (Forster Edward Morgan)
Biography Edward Morgan Forster (Forster Edward Morgan)
Born January 1, 1879 in London. He was a visiting student boarding school in Tunbridge-ckul. Thanks to an inheritance left by the great-aunt Marianne Thornton (whose biography he published in 1956), was able not only to study at Kings College, Cambridge University, but also to visit Greece and Italy in 1901-1902. Staying in Italy is reflected in his novels, Where angels fear to step (Where Angels Fear to Tread, 1905) and Room with a View (A Room with a View, 1908). Roman Hauardz End (Howards End) was published in 1910.
In World War I, Forster served in Egypt in the ambulance. Egyptian experience included in his guide to Alexandria (Alexandria, 1922) and a book of essays Pharos and Farillon (Pharos and Pharillon, 1923). He visited India twice - in 1912-1913 and 1921. The novel A Passage to India (A Passage to India, 1924), begun long before the second visit, was completed on his return to England.
Forster did not break off to Cambridge: a critical labor aspects of the novel (Aspects of the Novel, 1927) is a series of lectures which he read at Cambridge University, an essay on Virginia Woolf - lecture delivered in 1941. In 1946, Forster was elected a Fellow of Kings College. From that time until his death (June 7, 1970 in Coventry) was living in Cambridge. His novel, Maurice (Maurice) was published posthumously in 1971. Forster wrote to him in 1913-1914, but refrained from publishing for fear that a sympathetic treatment of homosexuality will indignant reaction of the public.
Forster's Book Selected Stories (Collected Tales) was published in 1947. Collection of essays Ebingerskaya Harvest (Abinger Harvest) was released in 1936, the second collection of essays, "Long live democracy! (Two Cheers for Democracy), Forster published in 1951. He was also co-authored the libretto B. Britten's Billy Budd (Billy Budd, 1951) - on the novel by H. Melville.
All works written before the novel A Passage to India, Forster, like the romantics, recognizes the nature and 'place' unifying and concrete meaning. In the novels Where angels fear to walk and Room with a view of nature - a reality that is gaining in the world of phenomena. Against this background Forster highlights the hypocrisy and conventionality. In the novels The longest journey (The Longest Journey, 1907) and Hauardz End of the reality is complicated, but in both novels and the nature of 'place' means a person offering to agree on 'visible' and 'invisible' worlds. Main 'reeducate' characters in them are connected with land.
In the novel A Passage to India nature, by contrast, has become a hostile force. A novel about the relationship of the British colonialists and Indian population at a deeper level, raises the problem of spiritual quest of modern man.