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August Wilhelm Schlegel (Schlegel August Wilhelm von)

( German critic, translator, scholar and poet.)

Comments for August Wilhelm Schlegel (Schlegel August Wilhelm von)
Biography August Wilhelm Schlegel (Schlegel August Wilhelm von)
photo August Wilhelm Schlegel (Schlegel August Wilhelm von)
(1767-1845)
Brother Fr.Shlegelya. Born Sept. 8, 1767 in Hanover and died in Bonn on May 12, 1845.
After studying in GцTttingen and teaching activities in Amsterdam Schlegel in 1796 moved to Jena and worked in the magazine 'Horae' Fr.Shillera and in other periodicals. His university lectures on the philosophical theory of art (Vorlesungen ber philosophische Kunstlehre, 1798) were published in 1809-1811. At Jena Schlegel began his monumental work - translated 17 of Shakespeare's plays (1797-1810), executed with astonishing precision and brilliance, a true triumph of the translator's art. Along with the fine interpretation of the plays of English playwright in the Vienna lectures Schlegel this work laid the foundations of modern shekspirovedeniya in Germany. Schlegel, first discovered by German readers and Roman literature, making a splendid translations of five plays of Calderon (Spanish Theater - Spanisches Theater, tt. 1-2, 1803-1809), as well as works of Dante and other Italian, Spanish and Portuguese poets (1804).

The break with Schiller soon led to the emergence of a so-called. Romantic school and the publication of its main body - the 'Athenaeum' (tt. 1-3, 1798-1800). Schlegels were the authors of many articles, becoming, thus stirring up new romantic criticism. Theory of Romanticism, especially in philosophy and art presented in the lectures on belles-lettres and the arts (Vorlesungen ber schne Literatur und Kunst, vols. 1-3, ed. 1884), read by Schlegel in Berlin in 1801-1804

. Original literary works Schlegel called a collection of poems (Gedichte, . 1800), . finds its continuation in the biting satire on A.Fr.F.Kotsebu (1801) and the tragedy Ion (Ion, . 1803), . in which the strong influences of Euripides and Goethe, . and ends with the poetic writings (Poetische Werke, . tt,
. 1-2, 1811).

In 1804 Schlegel became a literary adviser to Madame de Stael, whose book about Germany (De l'Allemagne) many of his obligation. In 1808 he gave in Vienna on a series of lectures on dramatic art and literature (Vorlesungen ber dramatische Kunst und Literatur, vols. 1-3, 1809-1811), soon translated into most European languages and who in other countries, the main source of information about German romanticism. In 1818-1845, as a professor at the University of Bonn, Schlegel began his research in the field of literature of the East. He founded a magazine on Indology and released a series of educational editions of the classics of Sanskrit literature.

Schlegel knew perfectly the ancient and modern literature, had a fine artistic taste, but as a critic and interpreter of Romanticism enjoyed enormous prestige far beyond Europe.


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    August Wilhelm Schlegel (Schlegel August Wilhelm von), photo, biography August Wilhelm Schlegel (Schlegel August Wilhelm von)  German critic, translator, scholar and poet., photo, biography
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