Schleiermacher Friedrich Daniel Ernst( German theologian and philosopher)
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Biography Schleiermacher Friedrich Daniel Ernst
Born November 21, 1768 in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland) in the family Reformed Chaplain. He studied at the gymnasium gernguterskoy fraternal community, in the seminary Herrnhuters, and in 1787-1789 - at the University of Halle, in 1794 became a pastor. Was a home teacher, a preacher in many churches, and from 1804 - an extraordinary professor and university preacher in Halle. In 1809, Schleiermacher became a preacher in a Berlin church of. Trinity and a professor of theology at the newly founded University of Berlin. Both the post he held until the end of life. Schleiermacher had a strong influence on the theological thought some of his writings. Among them - Speeches on Religion to educated people, despised (Ueber die Religion. Reden an die Gebildeten unter ihren Verchtern, . 1799); Monologues (Monologen, . 1800); Principles of criticism of ethical systems (Grundlinien einer Kritik der bisherigen Sittenlehre, . 1803); Christian faith in the principles of the Evangelical Church in the systematic exposition (Der christliche Glaube nach den Grundstzen der evangelischen Kirche im Zusammenhang dargestellt, . 1821-1822, the author briefly describes this work Glaubenslehre, . ie,
. The doctrine or Dogmatics). In Berlin, this citadel of German rationalism, he became friends with Ludwig tic, Friedrich Schlegel, Novalis. In contrast, rationalists and romantics after he insisted on the necessity of moral perfection, seeing it as the duty of the individual in relation to themselves and to society and, simultaneously, as the process of merging the individual with the Divine. A talented speaker, Schleiermacher was, apparently, the first representative of Romanticism in theology, has applied to a wide audience. Died Schleiermacher in Berlin on Feb. 12, 1834.