Kurt Schuschnigg (Schuschnigg Kurt von)( Chancellor of Austria.)
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Biography Kurt Schuschnigg (Schuschnigg Kurt von)
Born December 14, 1897 at Rivet on Lake Garda (now the territory of Northern Italy). He was educated at the Jesuit School. During the First World War, fought on the Italian front, where he was captured. After the war, received a law degree. Attracted the attention of the leader of the Christian Social Party I. Zeypelya, which contributed to his election to Parliament in 1927.
In 1932-1934 Schuschnigg was Minister of Justice and Minister of Education 1933-1934. 25 July 1934 took over as chancellor after the killing of E. Dollfus. As Dollfus, he relied on the support of the Italian dictator Mussolini, B., but, unlike the first, did not establish personal relations with the Duce. The most acceptable solution for the most Schuschnigg - restoration of the Habsburgs - did not enjoy the support of the European powers. Austro-Germanic agreement July 11, 1936 guaranteed the independence of Austria as a 'second germanskomu State', but was of a temporary nature. Hitler Schuschnigg routinely accused of violating the agreement, and in February 1938 caused the Chancellor in Germany, and forced him to change the composition of the Austrian Government and pass a number of important posts to members of the Nazi party. On his return from Germany, Schuschnigg announced a plebiscite on the independence of Austria. Ultimatum by the Nazis forced him to cede his post to the Austrian Nazis A.fon Seyss-Inquart. 11-13 March 1938 there was the annexation of Austria by Germany. Up until 1945 the former chancellor had been detained. In 1948, Schuschnigg emigrated to the United States, where he became a professor at the University of St. Louis, and in 1956 became an American citizen. In 1968 he returned to Austria. Died in Schuschnigg mutters near Innsbruck November 18, 1977.