ANDY Vincent( French composer and teacher-educator.)
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Biography ANDY Vincent
Paul Marie Theodore Vincent d'Indy was born March 27, 1851 in Paris. His upbringing was engaged grandmother, a woman with strong character and a passionate lover of music. Indy took lessons from JF Marmontel and A. Lavignac; regular classes were interrupted by the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871), during which Indy served in the National Guard. He was one of the first entered into the National Music Society, founded in 1871 to revive the former glory of French music, among friends Indy - Bizet, Jules Massenet, C.Saint-Saens. But the closest he had been music and the identity of C. Franck, d'Indy, and soon became a student and a passionate advocate for the art of Frank, and his biographer.
Trip to Germany, during which Indy met Liszt and Brahms, has strengthened its progermanskie mood, and a visit to Bayreuth in 1876 made the Indy convinced vagneriantsem. These passions of youth are reflected in the trilogy of symphonic poems, explanations of Schiller's Wallenstein and the cantata Song of the bells (Le Chant de la Cloche). In 1886 appeared Symphony theme song of the French mountaineer (Symphonie cvnole, . or Symphonie sur un chant montagnard franais), . which indicated the emergence of the author's interest in French folklore, and some waste from passion Germandom,
. This piece for piano and orchestra, . perhaps, . top left the composer, . Although п¦п+п¦я-п+я-п+п¦я¦ technique and fiery idealism Indy was clearly reflected in other writings: two operas - quite Wagnerian Fervaale (Fervaal, . 1897) and Strangers (L'Etranger, . 1903), . as well as in the symphonic variations Istar (Istar, . 1896), . Second Symphony in B flat major (1904), . symphonic poem Summer day in the mountains (Jour d't la montagne, . 1905) and the first two of his string quartets (1890 and 1897),
. In 1894, d'Indy, along with C. Bordeaux and A. Gilmanov founded 'Scholia kantorum' (Schola cantorum): on a plan that was a society for the study and performance of sacred music, . but soon 'Scholia' into a higher musical-pedagogical institution, . competing with the Paris Conservatory,
. Indy has played a major role as a bulwark of traditionalism, rebuffed innovations of authors such as Debussy, d'Indy in the class composition of the musicians came from different European countries. Aesthetics Indy relied on the art of Bach, Beethoven, Wagner, Franck, as well as the Gregorian monodicheskoe singing and folk song; ideological basis of views of the composer was a Catholic concept of the appointment of Art. Andy died in Paris on December 2, 1931.