Friedrich Heinrich JACOBI (Jacobi Friedrich Heinrich)( German thinker, a representative of the philosophy of 'feelings and faith'.)
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Biography Friedrich Heinrich JACOBI (Jacobi Friedrich Heinrich)
Born in Dц+sseldorf, 25 January 1743. He was educated in Geneva with the intent to engage in commercial activities, but refused to career merchant. With a brilliant mind and great personal charm, . Jacobi played an important role in the literary and philosophical gatherings, and together with K. Wieland founded the literary magazine 'German Mercury' ( 'Der Teutsche Merkur'), . in which there have been some of his early works,
. Posted novel Letters Alvilya Edward (Eduard Allwils Briefsammlung, . 1775-1776), . followed by a novel Voldemar: a rare case of natural history (Woldemar: ein Seltenheit aus der Naturgeschichte, . 1777), both works combine literature and philosophy,
. In 1779 he met Lessing, through which took up the philosophy of Spinoza. The first actual work on the philosophical teachings of Spinoza, in Letters to Herr Moses Mendelssohn (ber die Lehre des Spinoza, in Briefen an den Herrn Moses Mendelssohn, 1785) undertook a critique of the dogmatic, 'rational' rationalism of Spinoza. Not satisfied with the system of absolute subjective idealism of Kant, which, in his view, unable to comprehend the ultimate reality. In his work, David Hume on Faith, . or Idealism and Realism (David Hume ber den Glauben, . oder Idealismus und Realismus, . 1787) argued, . Following Hume, . that truth is perceived in an intuitive sense, . and the final reality is the subject of an instinctive belief, . or faith,
Philosophy Jacobi emphasizes, in contrast to the rational and subjective tradition of Kant and Spinoza, the importance of intuitive and sensory. Reason is limited to its own data directly to the material, while the revelation of truth in the experience, an intuitive feeling and belief infinitely. Among other important philosophical works Jacobi - Letter to Fichte (Sendschreiben an Fichte, . 1799); criticism about trying to bring the mind to reason (ber das Unternehmen des Kriticismus, . die Vernunft zu Verstande zu bringen, . 1801) and of divine things (Von gttlichen Dingen, . 1811),
. In 1807-1812 Jacobi was the president of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Jacobi died in Munich March 10, 1819.