ïãï·ï?ï-ï=ï- William (Hogarth William)( English painter, illustrator, printmaker and art theorist.)
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Biography ïãï·ï?ï-ï=ï- William (Hogarth William)
Born November 10, 1697 in London. He studied in London at the engraver E. Geymbla. In 1720 Hogarth attended classes at the Academy by James Thornhill, in the same year he started to work independently as a professional artist. The first works of Hogarth were book illustrations, including a satirical poem by Samuel Butler Gudibras (1726). Two years later he began to write with oil portraits of a small group format and since then has continually worked as a painting and engraving.
In 1730-1731 Hogarth made a series of six paintings, known as Harlot. Great success enjoyed a series of reprints of engravings, printed in 1732. The next series of prints - Career Mota - was published in 1735, and in 1745 came the famous series Marriage ö=. This was followed by other series, among them - diligence and laziness (1747) and Election (4 prints, 1755-1758). Hogarth also performed a variety of individual prints, a few portraits and a number of historical paintings. In 1753 came the publication of his treatise Analysis of Beauty. In 1757 George II appointed principal painter Hogarth, in this position, he became the successor of John Thornhill. In 1764 the artist released his latest engraving End, or the Abyss.
Hogarth watched the lives of people of different material wealth belonging to all strata of society, he was not only a gifted portraitist, but also a moralist, and satirist. In portraiture the artist was objective and straightforward, that was visible in the portrait of Captain T. Corem (1740, London, an orphanage Corem) and Portrait of Simon Fraser, Lord Loveta (1746, London, National Portrait Gallery). In the art of Hogarth, of course, an important place belongs to the humor. Thus, in two famous engravings of 1751, he opposed the dire consequences awaiting those who abuse cheap gin (Gin Lane), prosperity and welfare of those who prefer English beer (Beer Street). Satirizing the life of the era, especially in the series Marriage ö= Elections and puts him on par with the great novelist and satirist 18.