Erich Honecker (Honecker Erich)( State Council Chairman of the GDR.)
Comments for Erich Honecker (Honecker Erich)
Biography Erich Honecker (Honecker Erich)
Born August 25, 1912 in the Saar area in the family of miner. In 1926 joined the Communist Youth League, in 1929 the Communist Party of Germany (KPD). In 1933, after Hitler came to power, Honecker organized a resistance group in Berlin. In 1935 he was arrested on charges of treason and sentenced to 10 years in prison. After his release at the end of World War II - Secretary of Youth in the Central Committee of the CPG, and in 1946 - Chairman of the Free German Youth.
Honecker played an important role in uniting the Party and the Social Democrats in the Soviet zone of occupation, which led to the creation in 1946 the Socialist Unity Party (SED). He was elected to the central committee of the new party. From 1958 became a member of the SED Politburo, in May 1971 replaced Walter Ulbricht as First Secretary of the Party. In October 1976 became chairman of the Council of State, Head Germanskoy Democratic Republic (GDR).
Honecker to a greater extent than his Soviet mentors, who resisted reform within the country, strengthening the repressive regime. 18 October 1989 was forced to resign. In December of that year, was charged with abuse of power, corruption and personal enrichment, but a sharp deterioration in the health Honecker prevented bring him to trial. In late 1990, after the unification of Germany, the charges were expanded - to Honecker's given responsibility for the shooting of defectors at the Berlin Wall. In March 1991, Honecker went to Moscow, where he remained until July 1992. The trial was canceled because of the deteriorating health of the accused. In January 1993, Honecker was allowed to emigrate to Chile. Honecker died in Santiago (Chile) 29 May 1994.