HRDLICHKA Aleå¦ (Hrdlicka Ales)( American anthropologist.)
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Biography HRDLICHKA Aleå¦ (Hrdlicka Ales)
Born March 29, 1869 in the city Humpolec (Bohemia, now Czech Republic). He emigrated to the United States with his parents at age 13. He worked at the tobacco factory, studied in New York in medical colleges. In the early stages of medical career studying the pathology and mental abnormalities, became interested in methods and techniques of anthropometry. In order to explore this area of knowledge in 1896 moved to Paris, where he worked under the direction of LP Manuvrie. Finally deciding to devote himself to anthropology, took part in the expedition to Mexico Lumholtsa. In 1899 he was admitted to the state of field studies of the American Museum of Natural History, and annually until 1902 examined the south-western regions of the United States and Mexico, participated in the expedition Hyde. In 1903 he was invited to the newly created Department of Physical Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History in Washington, who led in 1910-1942.
Hrdlichka participated in many expeditions and visited most of the inhabited regions of the world. The talented and indefatigable collector, Hrdlichka made a significant contribution to the most valuable collection of skeletal remains, is the pride of the National Museum. Hrdlichka defended the theory that the ancient inhabitants of America were migrants from Asia, and the cradle of humanity should not be considered Asia and Europe. In his opinion, Neanderthal man evolved in the later person, and not forming a separate type.
In 1918 Hrdlichka founded the 'American Journal of Physical Anthropology', and in 1929 - the American Association of Physical Anthropology, becoming its first president. Among the major works of the scientist - Results of physiological and medical observations among the Indians of the southwest United States and northern Mexico (Physiological and Medical Observations Among the Indians of the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico, . 1908), an ancient people in South America (Early Man in South America, . 1912); Physical anthropology, . its subject and problem (Physical Anthropology, . Its Scope and Aims, . 1919); Anthropometry (Anthropometry, . 1920), . after processing was published in 1939 under the title Practical anthropometry (Practical Anthropometry); Anthropology of American Indians (Anthropology of the American Indian, . 1927); The skeletal remains of ancient man (Skeletal Remains of Early Man, . 1930),
. Died Hrdlichka in Washington on Sept. 5, 1943.