DOBROVOLSKAYA Vladimir( The well-known ethnographer, folklorist, linguist.)
Comments for DOBROVOLSKAYA Vladimir
Biography DOBROVOLSKAYA Vladimir
(30.YII.1856, Selco Krasnosvyatskoe Prudkovskii parish district of Smolensk Smolensk Province. - 8.Y.1920, der. Zamyatlino, Smolensk region)
Born in the family of the landed gentry. In 1876, Mr.. Smolensk graduated from high school, in 1880, Mr.. - History - filo - logical faculty of Moscow University. Before 1883. worked as a teacher of literature, history and logic in the Smolensk Maria girls' high school. Retired sickness. He settled on his estate, where he lived until 1892, collecting works of folk poetry. More than 50 of its research devoted to poetic creativity. In the post-revolutionary period gave lectures on the history of Russian theater in Smolensk, Vitebsk, Belarus People's University. In 1919, Mr.. The Bureau has organized an ethnographic study of folk life and work of Smolensk.
D. was collected and systematized considerable folklore and ethnographic material from various counties in the province, which incorporated the 4-volume "Smolensky ethnographic collection" (St. Petersburg. -M., 1891 - 1903), highly praised by the scientific community (academics AN. Pypin, E.F. Kara, AA. Shakhmatov etc.) and "Dictionary Smolensk (Smolensk, 1914). They also published the materials collected in the Kaluga, Orel, Ryazan Province. and Belarus; composed Program ethnographic information about the peasants of central Russia (Smolensk, 1896), materials on which collected by other researchers, are stored in the Ethnographic Bureau of the Prince V.H. Tenisheva in St. Petersburg. Ethnographic Museum.
D. published songs and legends Kiselevsky Roma (1903), . compiled Gypsy grammar, . materials which are currently in the archives of St. Petersburg, . RAS, . and published records "secret" language of different social groups (1897-1916 g.), . information Smolensk and Elninskaya Puppet Theater (1901-08 g.),
. In order to preserve the ancient melodies of folk songs D. in 1894. attracted to work on their records nephew MI. Glinka choir of the Bolshoi Theater N.D. Bera, who was notirovano Smolensk about 500 songs (survived 183 musical scores). Important scientific contributions made to them in Russian linguistics. Gathered, classified and published a significant amount of linguistic material to identify the dialectal features of the language of the Russian population in the region of western Russia in the late XIX - early XX centuries.
Lit.: Dmitriev VV. VN. Dobrovolsky. Brief biographical sketch. , Smolensk, 1930; Smolensky Almanac, 1951. - Kn. 9; Materials for the Study of Smolensk region. - Issue. 7. - M., 1987, Smolensk Region, 1991. -? 3.