EFIMOV Michael Nikiforovich( One of the first Russian pilots)
Comments for EFIMOV Michael Nikiforovich
Biography EFIMOV Michael Nikiforovich
(1 (13). HI.1881 with. Apolo Smolensk region Smolensk region - VIII.1919, Odessa)
Early years were in the Smolensk region, in dnsyatiletnem age moved with his parents in Odessa. He graduated from the railway school, received a specialty electrical engineering, telegraph. He worked at the South-Western Railway. Fascinated velomotosportom. Champion of Russia Motorcycle Championship (1908-09 gg.). Visited a local flying club. In 1909, Mr.. first flights on the glider. He graduated from flight school in France, AG Farman, 8 (21). III.1910 g. Odessa was the first Russian pilots flew on an airplane. In 1910,. competitions in Nice and St. Petersburg has established a number of world aviation records and was appointed an instructor pilot in Kachin military aviation school (Sebastopol). In 1910-11 he. performed the world's first steep turns, picketing, and planning with the engines turned off, and in 1912. invented a device to start the engine without assistance. Since 1911. - Hereditary honorary citizen. Participant 1 WWI. Cavalier 4 George Cross. Since February, 1917. served in the air brigade, then - a pilot for special assignments Commissioner hydroaviation Black Sea Fleet. Shot belogrvardeytsami in Odessa in August 1919
Lit.: Soviet Military Encyclopedia. - T. 3. - M., 1977. - P. 316; Queen E., Rudnik VA. Opponents eagles. - Publishing. 3. - Odessa, 1976; Yakovlev, SM. Our cruise countrymen. - Smolensk, 1962. - P. 63-87.