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Gigue Ivan

( Russian Soviet writer, essayist.)

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Biography Gigue Ivan
(29.HI.1895, the village of Ivanovo Yukhnovsky County (now Temkinsky district) - 9.HII.1949, Moscow)
Nickname, real name - Smirnov
Born in a working class family. Since 17 years he worked at the striker Tula Cartridge Plant. Even before conscription in 1914. friends with the workers, the Bolsheviks and carried out their assignments. Assignments received in Revel (Tallinn), where he remained after the conscription. Ibid joined the Bolshevik Party. Gigue was among those who propagandize the troops of the Provisional Government, sent to quell the insurrection in Moscow in early November, 1917. Returning to Reval, he worked as one of the secretaries of the Executive Committee of Estonia. After the occupation of Estonia in 1918. returned to Petrograd. In the years 1918-1922. - In the Cheka, first in Petrograd, then in Moscow: the head of the investigative unit. In 1919, Mr.. ZH. and defend Petrograd against Yudenich. Delegate 2-Russia Congress of Soviets.

While still working Tula refinery in 1914. written correspondence in the 'truth', then published in the newspaper Revel'skii 'Morning Truth' (pseudonym soldiers Gigue). In 1922, Mr.. MI. Ulyanov invited M. to work in the 'truth' - executive secretary. Since 1922. ZH. taking an active part in organizing worker and village correspondent movement while studying at the Higher Literary Art Institute. VY. Bryusov, then in the first Moscow State University. In 1924, Mr.. on his initiative organized by the magazine 'Workers and Peasants' reporter'. In 1925, Mr.. ZH. - Editor Orekhovo-Zuevskaya newspaper klopaд-ka '. Ibid F. ishet his first book 'Dmy workers, care, case' (1927)., then the book 'New work' against the L. Trotsky. During the Great Patriotic War, a volunteer went to the militia, was a partisan, has worked in the army newspaper, participated in the battles. Awarded the Order of the Red Star. After death the manuscript was discovered memories of M. Gorky, prepared for publication by the writer VM. Bakhmeteff.

Vol.: Essays. Articles. Memoirs. - M., 1958, the Duma workers, care, case. - M., 1931; п-.п°. Bitter. Memoirs. - M., 1955.
Lit.: Trofimov and. Writers Smolensk. - M., 1973. - P. 330-331.


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