Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich( Soviet political and military leader, hero of the Soviet Union)
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Biography Zhukov, Georgi Konstantinovich
Georgi Konstantinovich Zhukov was born on 19 November (Old Style) 1896 in the village of Strelkovka Kaluga Province. In the early years, Zhukov d nevydelyalas nothing more than a thousand Russian villages. Men - often working in the towns, in the field - women and children. Father Zhukova shoemaker in the cities, the mother moonlighted on cargo.
Earnings were such that the recognition of the Zhukov "beggars earn more". He also writes: "Thank you neighbors, they sometimes gained us some soup, then porridge. Such mutual assistance in the villages was no exception, but rather a tradition of friendship and solidarity of the Russian people living in severe need ". At the age of seven, George went to study in the church school to his first teacher Sergei Nikolayevich Remizov. In Kaluga province was opened to send the boys - teenagers studying in the city any craft.
In June 1907, Zhukov went to Moscow to his uncle to learn furrier. Simultaneously with apprenticeships to George with the son of the owner studied Russian language, mathematics, geography. A year later he joined the evening general education courses and successfully completed them.
August 7, 1915, Mr.. Zhukov was drafted into the Dragoon Regiment. In his declining years, Marshall told the writer Konstantin Simonov: "I could be in the school of ensigns. I graduated in Gazetny Lane four years of college, which gave an adequate educational qualification for admission to this school. But I thought: that's finished school and I'll warrant, 19-year-old boy, commanding war-horse - bearded. I did not like this, it was awkward. And who knows what would happen if I was not a soldier and an officer ... and by this time the outbreak of the revolution ... Perhaps it would be lived out somewhere in his life in exile? ". Therefore, Georgy entered non-commissioned officers' school, and graduated in August 1916. Fought junior non-commissioned officer Zhukov bravely, but not for long. In September, he was slightly injured during the cavalry attack on the South-Western Front, in the mountain area Bystrica, and received a George Cross for the seizure of language. But in October, Georgy hit a mine and received a serious concussion. Treatment had long. At the front Zhukov did not return.
February Revolution Georgy met in the marching squadron. He reacted sympathetically to the overthrow of the monarchy. Zhukov was elected chairman of the squadron Committee and a member of the Regimental Council. After the October Revolution, his stationed in the Kharkov province squad "stood on the platform of the Bolsheviks, refused to submit to the Ukrainian authorities and was dismissed to their homes. In December, 1917. Zhukov went home to Strelkovka - in the village was easier to subsist. In September, 1918. he was mobilized into the Red Army. The future commander Zhukov served in the 4-th Moscow Cavalry Regiment. There he grew up to assistant platoon commander, and in March 1919. joined the Communist Party. He fought against the Ural Cossacks and the army, General P. N. Wrangel Tsaritsyn, where in October 1919. was wounded by a grenade in his left leg and left side. After recovery, got to Ryazanskie cavalry courses. In the August Cadet Regiment moved to the Kuban to fight with troops, General Sergei Ulagaya. Zhukov was the platoon sergeant and participated in the "cleaning" of the Northern Caucasus from the rest of the White Army and units of "green". In the end, he went to suppress the uprising in Tambov and Voronezh. For successful action against the poorly armed and poorly organized peasants rebel squadron commander Zhukov was the first Soviet award - the Order of the Red Banner.
After the Civil War Georgy Zhukov continued to serve in the cavalry. In 1924 - 1925 he. studied at the cavalry of Training Courses. Konstantin Rokossovsky, engaged with him in the same group, recalled: "Zhukov, as no one was given to the study of military science. Let's look in his room - all the creeps on the map, laid out on the floor. Even then, the case, the debt to him were above all ".
In 1929-1930. Zhukov studied again - now taking advanced training of senior official grandeur, and then became commander of the Cavalry Brigade. In March 1933,. he led the 4-Cavalry Division, in 1936. received the Order of Lenin for the success of the division in combat training. In 1937, Mr.. Zhukov took the 3rd Cavalry Corps. In the autumn of that year, corps commander (corps commander) tried to accuse of having links with the former commander of the Byelorussian military district Jerome Uborevich and other "enemies". Zhukov is reasonable to argue that according to his service could not communicate with the commander of the District. As a result, in January, 1938. case was limited to party reprimand "for being rude, for the time of self-criticism, underestimating the political work and the lack of struggle with fraud". Reprimand is not hindered career. In connection with the massive repression vacant lots of vacancies, and the surviving commanders quickly moved up the career ladder - often, too soon to become victims of terror. But Zhukov passed this cup. It also helped that he commanded a division 1 st Cavalry. Commanders-konarmeytsy traditionally enjoyed the patronage Defense Commissar Kliment Voroshilov. Already in iyune1938 g. Zhukov became deputy commander of the Belorussian Military District in the cavalry. The high post in vsyumosch turned his talent as a military leader and an intelligent tutor troops.
In May 1940, Zhukov was promoted to Army General. The brilliant victory for Zhukov had a deep and personal meaning. He showed what a strong-willed chief at a time when in 1937 the Red Army's fighting capacity annually, monthly and daily undermined by massive repression. On orders of Stalin and his henchmen tens of thousands of officers were killed, thrown into prison, languishing in the camps. Zhukov himself almost fell victim to violence - in 1937 in Smolensk, he felt the imminent arrest, went to a terrible risk - sent to Moscow, Stalin and Voroshilov terrible telegram. In those years, the fate of people evolved in different ways, but Zhukov was left alone. Throughout the summer and autumn of 1940, Zhukov was always in the army, was the intense training in conditions close to the fighting. Commander of the district was very demanding to themselves and others - to learn what is really needed in the war. In the Soviet General Staff has already discussed possible options for the war if Germany attacked.
In late December 1940 early January 1941 in Moscow hosted a session of the Supreme Command of the Red Army. For his work followed Stalin. The audience was impressed by the depth and boldness suzhdeniyZhukova outlined in his report, "The nature of modern offensive operations". He seriously said: the face of the strongest armies of the West can not lose a minute, you must be prepared to fully prepared to meet her furious onslaught. The next day, Stalin sent Zhukov and said: Politburo decided to appoint egonachalnikom General Staff. The commander of modern war Zhukov assigned the first place the rapid actions of armored and mechanized units, with strong support from the air. Not all at once and suddenly he was able to convince of the correctness of their point of view of Stalin. In his declining years Zhukov thought a lot about the events and the eve of the beginning of a great and terrible war. "Of course, for us - the military - said Zhukov - a responsibility that we are not required to bring the army in full combat readiness and early adoption of necessary measures. Obviously, we had to do it more vigorously than did ... Sure, . I had a really represent, . what it meant then to go against Stalin in the evaluation of the general political situation, . All memory has recently been the past few years, and say aloud, . that Stalin was wrong, . that he was wrong, . simply put, . would then mean, . that is not coming out of the building, . you already going to drink coffee to Beria,
. Yet it is only one side of the truth. Aya must tell the. I felt then. Before the war, that I am wiser and far-sighted Stalin that I am better egootsenivayu situation and more know him ...".
June 1, 1939, Mr.. Zhukov suddenly summoned Voroshilov. The office of People's Commissar of the corps commander heard about the Japanese invasion of the territory of the Union of the USSR Mongolia Khalkhin-Goal. "I think - said Voroshilov - that started a major military adventure, and the matter did not end ... Can you fly there immediately and ... take command? "-" Ready to fly this very minute, "- said Zhukov. June 5, he arrived at the headquarters of the Soviet special 57-second separate corps, who was in Mongolia. Some days the car division commander toured across the steppe, Zhukov personally would like to see all. The experienced eye of a commander, he assessed the strengths and weaknesses of the few Soviet-Mongolian troops that came to the area Khalkhin-Gol. He sent an urgent dispatch to Moscow: immediately strengthen Soviet Air Force, sent to Mongolia for at least three infantry divisions and armored brigade. Purpose - To prepare a counterattack. Zhukov's proposals were adopted. On the night of July 3 the Japanese forced Khalkhin Gol and seized the hill Bain-Cagan. To prevent the enemy a foothold, Zhukov decided to attack the enemy infantry, two armored brigades. On the morning of July 5 the Japanese began to retreat to the crossing, which was blown. Almost all of the group that crossed to the western shore, was destroyed or captured. Through an elaborate system of disinformation Zhukov, managed to hide from the enemy's approach the major divisions of the Soviet Union. Neighborhood major Japanese forces were using flank attacks, armored and mechanized units. The task was facilitated by the fact that the Japanese had virtually no modern tanks, and the Soviet Air Force, after heavy fighting was able to win air supremacy. August 20 1 Zhukova Army Group launched its offensive, but even a 31-second surrounded by enemy troops cease their resistance. August 31 Zhukov reports on the successful completion of the operation. Battle of Khalkhin Gol, lost somewhere in Asia, and is still known only to historians and geographers, turned sharply to all international life. Zhukov, for this victory was a worthy title of Hero of the Soviet Union, which contributed not only to eliminate the danger hanging over our ally, the Mongolian People's Republic, but also stabilize the whole situation in the Far East. Khalkhin Gol completely erased the memory of the Japanese idea of our soldiers which had developed from the experience of Russian-Japanese War of 1904-1905 ...
On the night of June 22, 1941 the People's Commissariat of Defense executives awake. Telephones in the office Zhukov worked continuously, a stream of alarming reports grew. The situation cleared up after three o'clock in the morning - the German air force struck at our airports, and bombs rained down on the border towns. After 4 hours, the minutes from the reports received - under the guise of a tornado of artillery fire the Germans crossed the Soviet border. War! Zhukov, Stalin phoned up and demanded to be lifted from the bed. That terrible day for all fuse memory Zhukova. At 4.30 am the Politburo met. Soon followed by the message - Germany declared war. Zhukov was in the center of events, he sought from the troops and staffs, especially the construction of deep strategic defense. The situation became a crisis and exacerbated it in one section of the front, then another ... By the end of the third week of the war the enemy has moved to 500-600 kilometers in the interior of our country. He could concentrate a large force on a single strategic direction and ensure there is a major breakthrough. Our troops are deployed at the turn of Staraya Russa-Elnya-Bryansk. After heavy fighting in the area of Smolensk battles temporarily subsided. Both countries have led troops in order. In July 1941, Georgy Zhukov, the commander receives the appointment of the Reserve Front, deployed in the area Elninskaya bulge. In front headquarters, he arrives July 31, 1941. Zhukov, with his usual thoroughness, delves into the case of subordinate compounds. It turns out that the Nazis thoroughly reinforced Elninskaya projection: dug trenches, strung barbed wire, dug-in tank. Elninskaya ledge, captured by German troops, was very favorable, starting a springboard for an assault on Moscow. The Germans tried to stop him, in whatever was. Eliminate bridgehead without thorough preparation was not. "Zhukov set command 24 Army task: all kinds of intelligence to reveal the enemy's defense system, to locate the firing points and tighten the 2.3 division, and most importantly - the artillery". He ordered, not giving rest to the enemy, grind on the spot artillery fire its movable parts. Elninskaya protrusion gradually turned into a cemetery selected parts of Hitler and Technology. Iron pincers our troops tightened neck Elninskaya protrusion, not giving an hour respite to the enemy. They were, according to Zhukov "unforgettable battles: the first time since June 22 enemy divisions inevitably crowded. As a result of this operation the troops entrenched belief in victory. Parts of certainty is the enemy counterattacks, and beat him with fire and unanimously passed on the offensive. The enemy is exhausted, and, taking advantage of the darkness, the remnants of his divisions on September 6 broke through the neck Elninskaya bulge. On September 6, Stalin received a telegram: "Your order Elninskaya defeating the enemy and the capture of Mr.. Elnya made ... Zhukov ". The Germans lost 45-47 to the thousands of dead and wounded, a lot of military equipment. And yet it was not just the first victory of the Red Army over the Germans, but also the first piece of land in all of Europe which some 150-200 square kilometers of reclaimed from Hitler's Wehrmacht.
A difficult situation has developed at the Leningrad front. Stalin sent Zhukov in Moscow. "Not bad you got to Elninskaya ledge," he said Zhukov. He further noted that there was a "hopeless" situation at Leningrad, which apparently will be a few days and Leningrad will be considered lost. And with the loss of Leningrad a connection with the Finns, Germans, and as a result there would set a dangerous group, looming from the north of Moscow. September 10, 1941 Zhukov flew to Leningrad. The city has lived and worked in wartime: tirelessly, Leningrad prepared defensive lines. Enemy, approaching the city, the command was unable to keep. The first decisions of the Military Council of the Front under Zhukov: Leningrad to defend to the last man. Leningrad Do not fear death, but death is afraid of Leningrad - now the slogan of the moment. To forget about the measures in case the enemy bursts into town. This will never happen. It provided two important factors: the introduction into the consciousness of our soldiers and people unshakeable confidence in our victory and the need to accumulate reserves in order to increase the depth of Defense Front. A prominent American journalist Harrison Salisbury wrote about this time: "If the Germans were stopped, then succeeded, letting his blood. How many of them were slain in these September days, no one ever will calculate .... Stop the Germans iron will Zhukova. He was terrible in those days of September ". Zhukov's strategy and tactics were to prevent the enemy to create new strike groups. This was achieved by carrying out attacks. In those days, Zhukov has been very demanding. September 22-23, withdrew from the Leningrad shattered Panzer Group Hoth, which was to march on Moscow. In early October, reconnaissance: the Germans lay mines, . dig dug, . strengthen dugouts "For the first time in many days, we realized, . - Zhukov pointed out in an order to the troops of the Leningrad Front, . - That the front on the outskirts of the city completed its task and stopped the German advance ...,
. This indicates that among the personnel of the compounds began to create the necessary change, acquired confidence in victory "on September 22, Hitler gave the directive: to obliterate the city of St. Petersburg. City to be secured and by firing artillery of all calibres and continuous bombing raze "began landmark defense of Leningrad, which lasted 900 days. But the city has survived. January 12, 1943 from the Leningrad and Volkhov fronts hit on both sides of the enemy's corridor, . rests on Lake Ladoga and does not allow communication with the country of the Leningrad sushe.Nemtsy understood: is the battle for rescuing from the clutches of the blockade of Leningrad, . that forever bury their hopes to destroy the city,
. Beast tenacity of the enemy, our soldiers opposed exceptional courage. On the seventh day is not interrupted even for a moment the battle troops of the Leningrad and Volkhov Fronts shook hands. Soldiers as brothers, hug each other. It was truly hard-won joy. On the same day, January 18, 1943, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Georgy Zhukov awarded the highest rank - Marshal of the Soviet Union. Zhukov never forget: he became Marshal of the Soviet Union in the Battle of Leningrad.
October 5 Zhukov called Stalin and called for Moscow - on the outskirts of the capital will be severely affected. Rate - would like to consult with Georgy. October 7 Zhukov at the Kremlin. Zhukov said that Stalin had never looked as confused. Again and again, looking at the map of the situation, with growing nervousness, he said: "Look what we gave Konev. Germans in three - four days could come to Moscow ". "He told me - remembers Marshal GK. Zhukov, in his book that I was appointed commander of the Western Front, that Konev removed from office ". After spending two hours on the study of the situation in the General Staff, Zhukov, the same night, went to the Western Front. The Moscow area the enemy has concentrated 77 divisions, numbering up to 180 thousand. men, 1700 tanks and storm guns, 14 thousand guns and mortars, 1390 planes. "Typhoon" - so was encrypted gigantic operation Wehrmacht to seize Moscow. October 10, Zhukov assumed command of the Western Front, and immediately set a target: to cut off tank hazardous areas, to create a powerful barrier to the enemy forces available to accelerate the break-out environment of our troops. All this made it possible to gain time for classes Defense. From the rear, and from other fronts, the direction of Moscow sent 11 infantry divisions, 16 armored brigades, 40 artillery regiments. Zhukov and the headquarters of the Western Front is firmly held control of the troops, with lightning speed in response to any danger. Cruel defense of our forces wore down the enemy. For each step of advancing Germans were paying excessive prices. In November, Stalin put Zhukov task - to ensure that in Moscow, in honor of the twenty-fourth anniversary of October, a solemn meeting and parade on Red Square. Nov. 7, many of the parts, the last before the Mausoleum, go straight to the front. Brewing fracture.
. Marshal Zhukov and the headquarters of the Front in the last days of November is finalizing a plan for defeating the enemy at Moskvoy.29 November Zhukov reported the situation and asked Stalin to give orders to launch the attack: on the basis of painstaking study of the headquarters of the front features the Wehrmacht, it was concluded: the enemy is depleted,
. Germans spent their strength, because it had miscalculated the strength of our resistance. December 6 the Western Front attacked the Germans in their strike groups to the north and south of the capital. Counterattack unfolded in the band 1000 kilometers, from Kalinin to Yelets. The enemy front cracked and retreated under the onslaught of our troops, they retreated, leaving their heavy weapons and equipment. December 8, Hitler gave the order to move to a strategic defense on all fronts. Drilled German troops immediately began to build strong centers of resistance in settlements, to block roads. During the first three days of the onset of our troops have been 30-40 km. Unheard of by many previous battles! December 13 the whole of our country, indeed the whole world shook the message about the defeat of the enemy's flank groupings of Moscow. Freed of more than 400 settlements, the Germans suffered heavy losses in manpower and equipment. And the most exciting: the offensive continues! By the beginning of January 1942 West and related fronts to push the enemy from the capital at 100-250 kilometers. Immediate threat to Moscow eliminated. Only on April 20 the Supreme Command ordered to move to defense. Army Group "Center" was deeply covered with two sides. What made it possible to subsequently resume the offensive in the west with a favorable position for us. In the rear occupants having extensive guerrilla area. Zhukov, responsible for the western route, of course, proud of the fact that the Wehrmacht had suffered a major defeat in Moscow and moved to the defensive the entire Soviet-germanskom front. All thoughts of our people were sent out to soon kick the enemy out of the limits of the Motherland. And without delay. The fighting and the occupation continued to ravage the Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian lands. After the defeat at Moscow, Hitler set the task: finally destroy the Red Army, the Soviet Union deprived the military-industrial centers.
. August 27, 1942 Stalin told Zhukov: "It may happen that the Germans take Stalingrad," and he decided to send Zhukova straighten it
. Zhukov knew very well that aims at the most crucial part of the front where there is a decisive battle. Stalingrad approaching 6 th German army, the best in the Wehrmacht. Under the leadership of GKZhukova fierce battle on the outskirts and the city went more than 3 months. The heroism of the soldiers and commanders who had defended the city, do not fade over the centuries. November 19, our troops under the thunder of artillery strikes against enemy flanks. With stubborn battles they broke the enemy defenses and rushed toward each other. In 16 hours of Nov. 23 the German forces at Stalingrad and in the city were surrounded by. On the morning of November 24, pursuant to an order rates have begun to destroy them. Ring were surrounded by groups Paulus was methodically shrinking. February 2, 1943 the remains of the 330 thousandth German forces surrendered. "The battle at Stalingrad - wrote GK Zhukov - was extremely fierce. Personally, I compare only to the Battle of Moscow. Total enemy losses in the Don, the Volga, Stalingrad was about 1.5 million people, up to 3500 tanks and assault guns, 12 thousand guns and mortars, and up to 3 of thousands of airplanes and many other technology ". The victory of the Red Army on the Volga has made a decisive contribution to achieving radical change in the Great Patriotic War.
. Evening, April 11, 1943 Zhukov returned to Moscow to Voronezh Front, and all the next day coordinated with Wasilewski and his deputy Antonov report to the High
. These three agreed: the Nazis try to eliminate far vdavshiysya in their location or the Kursk Kursk salient arc. If they succeed and defeat our forces inside the Kursk salient, may change the overall strategic situation in favor of the enemy. Esche April 8 Zhukov identified location of the impending battle and offered a way to defeat the Wehrmacht. April 12 rate agreed with. "The main idea proposed by Zhukov in the forthcoming operation, was the development of measures that he used in the fiercest battles of Moscow and planned in the Battle of Stalingrad. First defense. Then, in the classical style Zhukovsky operations, to the extent that, as the German onslaught of losing power, and enemy forces destroyed a superior Russian firepower, the battle will change. Zhukov, carefully watching all the vicissitudes of the battle, determines the moment - the German offensive goes flat. It was at this point Zhukov and his army to shoot hordes of the Wehrmacht, "- writes like an American M. Kyle in the book "Tigers" burn! "Dedicated to the Battle of Kursk. Two months - May and June - the commander Zhukov bezotluchno spent the Voronezh and Central Fronts. He delved into the smallest details of preparing for battle. All parts of our intelligence worked with clockwork precision - the night of 4 / 5 June managed to establish: the German offensive would begin at 3 am. Zhukov immediately called and reported to Stalin about the decision: immediate and artillery counter. Stalin approved, and 2.20 in the morning where the expected attack of the enemy, our artillery rumbled. It subsequently emerged that the Central Front was only 10 minutes before the enemy artillery barrage. After suffering serious losses, the enemy could launch an offensive against the Central Front, with a delay of 2.5 hours, against the Voronezh - 3 hours. Although the enemy sometimes advancing forces of 300-500 tanks, about a week fighting its maximum progress on the Central Front is not more than 6-12 kilometers. Zhukov Rokossovsky ably conducted the battle, the front repulsed an offensive on its own, not asking for help standing in the rear of the Steppe Front. The first phase of the battle is over, and July 15, the Central Front went on the offensive. August 3 broke Operation Rumyantsev ". At 5.00 am the troops moved in a counter-offensive of Voronezh and Steppe Fronts. The enemy defenses had been compromised by two o'clock. There were also introduced in the main breakthrough force of tank armies, which were 18.00 for up to 20 kilometers. By the evening of Voronezh and Steppe Fronts threw the enemy back to 35 kilometers. On the morning of August 5 the red flag was hoisted in Belgorod, the same day was taken by Eagle. After five days of continuous fighting, our troops advanced west of Kharkov to 80 kilometers, and 23 August, the Steppe Front took Kharkov. Capture Kharkov military historians consider the Battle of Kursk epilogue. In the second half of August 1943 V. Roosevelt and Y. Churchill at the Quebec Conference attempted to evaluate the effects of our victories, led a galaxy of our generals led by Zhukov: "After the war, Russia will occupy a dominant position in Europe. After the defeat of Germany in Europe, there will be no power that could resist the military forces of Russia ... "
. As in 1943 and in 1944, Zhukov on behalf Odds coordinated the fronts of the Dnieper, the Belarusian head of strategic operations troops 1 st Ukrainian Front
. His actions, as always, are highly responsible for the assigned work, determination and wisdom of ideas. At the final stage of the war, Marshal commanded the troops of the 1 st Belorussian Front, acting on the main strategic direction. In the Vistula-Oder operation, troops of the front, together with adjacent fronts smashed one of the largest Nazi groups and entered the territory of Germany. The main and final objective of the Red Army left the capture of Berlin. Georgi Konstantinovich Zhukov did not interrupt work on a master plan for the capital of Germany since the end of November 1944.
April 16, 1945 started the historic battle, crowning war. "During the whole war did not have to take such a large, heavily fortified city, like Berlin. Berlin was actually turned into a fortress, approach to it - a solid zone defense works ". But, despite fierce resistance, Berlin was taken. 2 May at 1.50 am radio headquarters of the Berlin Defense announced the Cessation of Hostilities. Morning 2maya commander of the defense of Berlin Vedling ordered German troops to cease resistance. By 15 o'clock it was all over. For the capture of Berlin Zhukov was awarded the third medal "Gold Star of Hero of the Soviet Union. May 9, 1945 at 0 hours 43 minutes Field Marshal Keitel signed the instrument of surrender. The war is over ...
Until April 1946. Zhukov remained commander in chief of the Soviet military administration in Germany, and then he was appointed Chief of the Army. But in June, Stalin called Supreme Military Council, which he accused Zhukov of exaggerating its own merits and belittling the merits of other commanders in the conduct of major operations of the Great Patriotic War. The occasion served as a testimony of the arrested Chief Marshal of Aviation Alexander Novikov, other beetles. The Council reminded the meeting of 1937, authorizing the massacre of Mikhail Tukhachevsky and his companions. There was, however, and the crucial difference: Zhukov, unlike Tukhachevskogo not arrested, and he attended a meeting of the Board. As a result, Zhukov "put in place": removed from his post as commander in chief, withdrew from the Central Committee and sent to command the secondary Odessa District. Stalin hoped that the marshal come in handy in the event of another major war, and left him in the army. In January 1948, Mr.. Zhukov presented testimony Semochkin aide, who accused Marshall of being hostile to Stalin and the moral disintegration. With Georgy had a heart attack. After recovery, he was appointed commander of the Urals Military District, where almost no troops.
Despite the disgrace, already in 1950, Mr.. Zhukov was elected to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, and in October 1952 g.na XIX Party Congress, he became a candidate member of the Central Committee, Stalin considered the possibility of a Soviet invasion of Western Europe and is ready to return to the leadership of Zhukov's army. After Stalin's death, Marshall made a first deputy defense minister and member of the Central. He played a prominent role vareste Lawrence Beria. In September 1954. Zhukov supervised exercises in the Totskoye training ground near Orenburg, during which the use of nuclear weapons. In February 1955. Zhukov became defense minister in June helped H. S. Khrushchev against oppozitsiey.Votvet to the proposal to remove Mr. Khrushchev. K. Zhukov threw the famous phrase: "The army is against this decision, and not one tank will not budge without my order". Turning to the Central Committee plenum to Vyacheslav Molotov and his supporters, Marshal threatened: "If you'll continue to fight against the party line, then I will have to turn to the army and the people". Plenary Session Zhukov was elected a member of the Presidium of the CPSU Central Committee. Georgy reached the peak of his career. But soon followed by a rapid decline. October 27, 1957, when Zhukov returned from Albania, it was removed from all posts. Marshall was accused of holding the line "on the elimination of management and control over the army and navy of the party, its Central Committee and government". The reason for the resignation was the Minister undertaken without the knowledge of the Presidium of the formation of special forces units for sabotage and intelligence activities. This was interpreted by Khrushchev as a possible preparation for a coup. Khrushchev was in the military has relied largely on missile and nuclear weapons in future war Zhukov as Minister of Defense he was no longer needed. In 1965, Mr.. Zhukov was allowed to attend the ceremony in honor of 20 anniversary of Victory. In 1969. were published, albeit with large cuts, memoirs G. K. Zhukov's "Memories and Reflections". In the life of Marshal of them transferred to the main European languages. In the Soviet Union's "Memories" became the most popular book about the Great Patriotic War. Georgi Konstantinovich Zhukov, died June 18, 1974, Mr.. and was buried near the Kremlin wall.
Georgy Zhukov in the History of Russia
In the four years fighting the Soviet people against Germany aggression occurred more than one battle. With all the major strategic operations of Soviet troops during World War II is inextricably linked name Zhukov. "Where Zhukov, there is victory". This phrase was born in the Soviet army during the Battle of Moscow, became airborne and lived among the men until the last days of the war. Name and business Zhukov known not only in Russia but far beyond our borders. Thus, a major American writer Garrison E. Salisbury wrote the book "The Great Battle of Marshal Zhukov". It was published in 1969 and has since been reprinted many times. It about Zhukov said: "When the history completes its painful process of assessing, . when otseyutsya grain genuine achievements from the chaff fame, . then over all other military leaders will shine the name of this severe, . strong man, . commander commanders in the conduct of war, mass armies,
. He turned over the battles against the Nazis, with Hitler more than once, but many times ". Heritage commander - his victory, which he had told in his memoirs, "Memories and Reflections". Much of this work written in this memoir is taken from the epigraph that could be words Zhukov at the end of life, and addressed to our young people: "Learn!" Know that our enemies are not sitting idly by "
. Source: http://marshalgukov.narod.ru/