Nicholas KARZHANSKY( Writer, playwright and journalist.)
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Biography Nicholas KARZHANSKY
(pseudonym, real name - Zezyulinsky Nikolai Semenovich)
25.VII.1879, with. Panteleeva Belsky County Smolensk Province. - 1959, Moscow)
Of the many children of the family priest, hereditary honorary citizen. He graduated from the seminary in Smolensk (1899), arrived in Yaroslavl, met H.I. Podvoisky, V.R. Mejinschi, EM. Yaroslavsky, AK. Gastevyi etc.. professional revolutionaries, and began to publish the incriminating correspondence "in the newspaper Smolensky Gazette, poems and stories in the Yaroslavl newspaper" Northern Territory ". In 1902, Mr.. joined RSDLP. In 1903, Mr.. arrested and released after 4 months under strict police surveillance. In October 1905. after an armed clash with the Black Hundreds, which was wounded, escaped from Yaroslavl. In February 1906. exiled to Tobolsk Province. in October, fled from the reference. Spring 1907. was delegated to a 5-th (London) Party Congress, shorthand language of the Bolsheviks, then in Paris, editor of the congress for printing. Upon his return to Russia again arrested (October 1907), during a brief stay in Butyrskaya issued a handwritten comic magazine "Hooter", . then transferred to the Tumen Prison, . which spent 20 months, . worked on the novel "Eugene", . excerpts from which, . Being on Capri (1911), . read M,
. Gorky. He lived in Paris; in poverty. Posted novel "Paris. (From the notebook unknown) "(1911) - about the Russian revolutionaries who found themselves in France after the defeat of the first Russian revolution. From Paris K.uehal in Algeria, then returned to Russia. In the same year won the competition they. AN. Ostrovsky's play for "Marin dol". Since August 1915. K. - On the front of the correspondent of the newspaper "Russian Gazette", then from September 1916. - At Headquarters Supreme Commander (pseudonym V. Kachanov).
After 1917. published collections of short stories Shestokryl "and" First Love ", was engaged in journalism. In 1921-22. was one of the organizers in Smolensk Theater proprio.
Lit.: Russian Writers 1800-1917