KOLYADA Nicephorus Zakharovich( One of the organizers of the partisan movement in the Smolensk region.)
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Biography KOLYADA Nicephorus Zakharovich
(9.II.1891, farmhouse Kostevo near r. Rolls Kharkiv region - 1.III.1955, Moscow)
Since 1915. - On the First World War, wounded three times, was promoted to captain. In 1917, Mr.. elected Chairman of the Regimental Committee of Soldiers' Deputies, six months is a member of the Board, Mr.. Rolls. The creator of the Red Guard, August 1919. command of the guerrillas Podolia in 1920. becomes its provincial military commissar. In 1922, Mr.. sent to the Far East, where he organized a guerrilla movement, involved in many combat operations, after the expulsion of the invaders led by the Militia edge. In 1925-30 he. studied by correspondence at the Chinese department of Faculty of Oriental Studies, Far Eastern State University. After graduating two years, was abroad in the government's mission, then worked in the Foreign Trade.
July 9, 1941, Mr.. arrived in the Smolensk region, formed a detachment? 1 of employees partiynohozyaystvennogo asset; in August, the detachment operated with the cavalry L. Dovatora continued organizational and combat work. By February-March 1942. K. (Dad) brings together more than 20 units in six districts of north-western region, is under the operational control command 4-Second Shock Army. By the summer of 1942. Bathymetric troops liberated the 230 settlements and an area of more than 3000 square. km North-West have created a partisan edge. By July 1942. combined Bata - up to 6000 people, organized in five brigades. They conducted more than 300 operations. September 6, 1942, Mr.. K. awarded the Order of Lenin. But on Oct. 8 after being falsely accused sentenced to lengthy prison terms. Fully rehabilitated, 20 March 1954, Mr.. Buried at the cemetery Izmailovo.