LEBEDEV Nikolai Petrovich( Lieutenant-General, the organizer and first chief of the Smolensk militia 1812)
Comments for LEBEDEV Nikolai Petrovich
Biography LEBEDEV Nikolai Petrovich
(1752, Smolensky County - 6.I.1813, Kaluga)
Commander of the Order of St.. George 4th degree (1891), Commander of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem (1797), Anna 1st degree (1812). Participated in the battles in the Caucasus since 1765. to 1797 g. For the Defense of Anapa awarded a gold sword with the inscription "For Bravery" (1791). In 1797, Mr.. Governor-General of Orenburg Province. Performing be the Governor of Tobolsk in 1806. established a detachment of militia from the lower ranks of the retired, noncommissioned officers and officers sent to the area of hostilities in the Caucasus. In 1807, Mr.. of the residents of Irkutsk forms militia battalion (600 personnel), sent with them in the European part of Russia to maintain troops ". In late 1807, Mr.. retired and living in a family estate near Smolensk. In mid-July 1812. the choice of the provincial assembly was appointed commander of the nobility created by the People's Volunteers. By early August, formed the militia (11 ooo people.) Isolated from the vigilantes around 2500 trained fighting men (of which 1500 people later joined the Cavalry Corps under General Markov).
August 4, 1812, Mr.. led polutoratysyachnogo militias that are included in the case of General Rajewski, participated in the battle of red, 2 days later the militia under the command of L. distinguished themselves in the Battle of Smolensk, protecting the King's Bastion (Order of Anna 1st degree)
. The last battle took place in the general field of Borodino, . where the critical moment at the head of the detachment of warriors Smolensk militia, . which was a part of the troops of General Tuchkova 1-st, . led the charge against 5 Corps of the French, . crushed him to pursue the old Smolensk road,
. For this feat L. was submitted to the Order of St.. Vladimir 2nd degree with a star, but did not manage to receive the award: after a serious illness L. died in Kaluga.
Lit.: Voronovskii VM. Patriotic War of 1812. within the province of Smolensk, 1812. - St. Petersburg. - 1912. - P. 238 - 260.; п-.п°. Siberia, 1987. -? 5.