Croton Alcmaeon (Alkmaion)( Greek philosopher)
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Biography Croton Alcmaeon (Alkmaion)
Alcmaeon Croton, Alkmaion, V BC. e., Greek philosopher. On the life of a. We know little. Perhaps he was a disciple of Pythagoras. He was the author of the first Greek medical treatises in prose about the nature (Peri physeos). Contrary to that time, he placed the source of knowledge is not in the heart and the brain, which is considered his body. In the treatment drew attention to the symptoms and said that we should draw conclusions about the state of health on the basis of external manifestations. He was also the author of the first known to us the theory of knowledge, based on sensory perception. And the opinion that the representations are formed in the brain, are born the same memory and judgments, from which knowledge grows. A. also studied embryology. According to reports, A. considered immortal soul, which indicates its close connection with the views of the school of Pythagoras.