Marcellinus Ammianus (Ammianus Marcellinus)( Latin historian)
Comments for Marcellinus Ammianus (Ammianus Marcellinus)
Biography Marcellinus Ammianus (Ammianus Marcellinus)
, Ammianus Marcellinus, Ammianus Marcellinus, ca. 330-OK. 395 years. n. e., Roman historian. He was born in Antioch, in the family, belonged to the privileged stratum. In 353 g. was reckoned to headquarters Ursitsina, which then accompanied in Gaul and Mesopotamia. In 363 g. Took part in the campaign against the Persians, Julian the Apostate. After his death, he returned to Antioch. Probably between 363 and 380 gg. take a journey through Egypt, Greece, Thrace. Ok. 380 g. moved to Rome, where he maintained friendly relations with the pagan aristocracy (K. Aurelius, cm. Simma).
The native language п-.п°. a Greek, but his work Rerum gestarum libri qui supersunt he wrote in Latin. It consisted originally of 31 books covering the period of Roman history with 96, that is, since the accession to the throne of the emperor's nerves, even before the battle with the Goths at Adrianople in 378 g. Then had to be written in continuation of the history of Tacitus, which ended with the death of Domitian in 96 g. Thirteen of the first books п-.п°. missing. They covered the 256-year period (96-352 years.), They could then draw up a guide to Roman history of this period. Save the workbook (XIV-XXXI) the events of 26 years (353-378 gg.), Compared with the deceased some are more accurate, which is understandable, because п-.п°. personally witnessed the events described. That is why the surviving part of the work п-.п°. is an important source of information about the history of this period. п-.п°. initially had the intention to finish his work of death of Julian (363).
About this scheme shows primarily an introduction to the XV-XXV books, highlights the identity of Julian, and you can talk about the influence on the history of biography п-.п°. Development of more variety rather frequent departures, which are divided into geographical and ethnographic, socio-political and natural sciences, as well as speech, constructed in accordance with the fundamental rules of rhetoric and writing. The narrative is vivid and prolonged, in general, plausible, even in the details. п-.п°. not faceless wrote. He, for example, does not hide his admiration of Julian the Apostate, although not suffering from uncritical. Sam Gentile, he respects Christians and Christianity. Product п-.п°. is the last major historical work of pagan antiquity, proclaiming belief in the immortality of Rome and its power.