Antisthenes (Antisthenes)( Greek philosopher)
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Biography Antisthenes (Antisthenes)
Antisthenes, Antisthenes, from Athens, ca. 445-OK. 365 years. BC. e., Greek philosopher. The son of an Athenian citizen and the slave, a pupil of Gorgias and Socrates, the founder of the philosophical school of the Cynics, the teacher of Diogenes Sinop. Criticized the doctrine of Plato's ideas, . taught, . that the only good is virtue, . in comparison with which all other benefits are worth nothing, was one of the founders of plebeian literature, . proclaiming the denial of wealth and poverty praise,
. He spoke about the equality of all people. A. was a very prolific writer: Diogenes Laertius calls for more than 60 titles of his works, dividing them into 10 books: I - rhetorical compositions; II-V and X - ethical and political writings, VI-VII - dialectical essays; VIII-IX - tracts of Homer. From the works of A. survived a few passages and 2 sophistic declamation: Ajax and Odysseus, the theme of which was a dispute about the heroes of the Trojan War, Achilles Weapons. Form A works. was free, style, casual, everyday speech, often vulgar. In ancient times, it is not appreciated, he criticized Plato and Aristotle, for the abundance of his Attic vocabulary recognized attitsistom.