Apollodorus (Apollodoros)( Greek scholar and philologist)
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Biography Apollodorus (Apollodoros)
Apollodorus, Apollodoros, from Athens, ca. 180 OK. 110 years. BC. e., Greek scholar and philologist. Youth held in his hometown, where he studied at the stoic Diogenes of Seleucia. Then he lived in Alexandria, where he worked under the guidance of Aristarchus of Samothrace to 145, when Ptolemy VIII banished scholars from its capital. A. moved to Pergamum, where after some time returned to Athens. His great work of The Chronicles of 3 books A. devoted to the king of Pergamum Attal II. It covered the period from the Trojan war (the fall of Troy dated from 1184/83 years.) To the era of modern author. In his work A. primarily relied on the study of Eratosthenes, lowering his mathematical reasoning, but he, according to some sources, introduced the concept of "Acme" (verbatim. "top"), that is the highest point of human life, accruing on representations of the time, about 40 of its year. This concept was very important for the era when rarely able to ascertain the date of birth and death of a famous person.
A. The product is very versatile, elaborated on not only the facts about political events, but also to the cultural history of the Greek world. By, . had no, . as assumed, . poetic ambitions, . wrote his iambic trimeter, . first then, . to facilitate the memorization of data contained in it, . have reached us, . despite the disappearance of the work, . in the form of numerous quotations from later writers and commentators,
. Thus, we owe a. rich information about the life and work of major Greek poets and philosophers. Another did not survive the work of a. The gods (Peri theon) in 24 books containing the results of studies published authors for Homer names and epithets of the gods and their significance. This work has been an important source for later philologists and commentators.
A third essay. was extensive (12 books) comment on the so-called "list of ships from the II book of the Iliad of Homer, . known mainly from the extensive quotations from Strabo, . which let you see how scrupulous accuracy of Linguistics, . and common sense, . A resist,
. of allegorical interpretation in the spirit of Mull Crates. Other, smaller works of A. also died. But under his name preserved Bibliofika, prose writing, setting out in chronological order of myths: the beginning of time until Odysseus and his descendants. Was established, probably in the I. n. e., has no value as a source. Its unknown author usually called pseudo-Apollodorus.