APOLLONIA (Apollonios)( Greek philosopher)
Comments for APOLLONIA (Apollonios)
Biography APOLLONIA (Apollonios)
Apollonius, Apollonios, of Tyana, I in. n. e., Greek philosopher. A Life. described by Philostratus (II) in surviving biography written in the form of the Hellenistic "travel novel". Biography is created on the orders of Julia Domna, wife of Emperor Septimius Severus, had to withdraw with a. accusations of magic and submit it to the wandering sophist, famous for miracles (resurrection of the dead, heal the sick). A. probably traveled in India, Babylon and Egypt. Supposedly, he was executed in Rome during Emperor Domitian (persecution of the philosophers in 93?), Or died during the nerves (96-98 years).. A. tried to imitate his austerities Pythagoras.
Was a lover of Hellenic culture and a fervent admirer of the gods. A. proclaimed the existence of a higher deity, before which man must bow in silence and with a pure heart. Strongly denied the bloody sacrifices. - On the literary A. we know very little. He is the biography of Pythagoras, of which a fragment is preserved, and lamblichus. Preserved as a fragment from the works of rites or the victims (Teletai e peri thysion) and a collection of letters, mostly not true. Emperor Caracalla ordered the construction of a. geroon (small shrine in honor of the hero), and Alexander Severus put his image in his lararii close to Christ, Abraham and Orpheus. Opponents of Christianity in opposition to a. Christ. Gierokl, the governor of Bithynia in the time of Diocletian, even tried to prove that A. above Christ, in the truthful word against Christians, which polemize Lactantius and Eusebius of Caesarea.