Aristoxenus (Aristoksenos)( Greek philosopher and music theorist)
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Biography Aristoxenus (Aristoksenos)
Aristoxenus, Aristoksenos of Tarentum, the second half of IV. BC. e., Greek philosopher and music theorist. He studied music with his father and Spinfara Lampreia from Eritrea, then studied in Athens by the Pythagoreans and Aristotle. It is considered the creator peripaticheskoy biography. From his Biography (Bioi) preserved architectural fragments of biographies, Socrates, Plato. A. was also the author of numerous works on the theory of music, in which he expounded the doctrine of the Pythagoreans and Aristotle on the moral and healing effects of music. Created rhythmic theory of verse based on music and dance accompaniment. Developing musical theory, outlined the major tones and semitones. Saved as a. essay titled Elements of Harmony (Harmonika stoicheia) in 3 books is a late processing utterances A., on harmony, drawn from at least two of his original works of. All the elements of rhythm (Rhythmika stoicheia; fr.) Described the basic rhythmic units. Other works setting forth the teaching of the instruments and songs, as well as the history of music, such as musical instruments (Peri organon), about composing (Peri melopoias), History of Music (Historika tes harmonikes). Compositions of these had a significant influence on subsequent writers (Vitruvius, Claudius Ptolemy, Porphyry, Boethius, and others).