; Caecilius Statius
, OK. 220-168 years. BC. e., Roman ï¦ï+ï+ï¦ï¦ïTï
+ï¨ÿ-ï¦ÿL. The first Roman poet - a native of Gaul. In Rome, arrived as a slave in 222 g.; after the liberation of the holder took the name Caecilius
. Was friendly with Enniem, wrote exclusively comedy, barely surviving competition with Plautus. According to Terence, TS.S. has become popular due to Ambiviya Turpiona, who placed him play and played a major role in them. - Heritage TS.S. survived until today only in fragments: save approximately. 300 poems from 42 comedies. Their names are either purely Latin sound, or Latin-Greek (double name), or only the Greek.
For example, the Guardians (Demandati), soldier (Pugil) or the moneylender (Faenerator sive Obolastates), Foundling (Subditivus sive Hypobolimaeus), or a descendant (Epicleros), Intendant (Epistathmos). Probably these titles say about the development of so-called "palliata", ie the type of Roman comedy, using the Greek samples. The earlier play still bore the fingerprints of the native Italic popular farce - this stage illustrate, as in Plautus, Latin names. After all the more daring attempts of Hellenization comedy - which is reflected in the Latin-Greek name - comes complete "ogrechivanie" comedy, like Terence, manifested in the exceptionally Greek titles. Creativity TS.S. represents a transitional stage in the development of comedy between Plautus and Terence.
However, Greek sources you can find only some comedies TS.S., for example, Wed: Letter (Epistula) with Epistole Alexis, an exile (Exul) with Fygas Alexis or Apolis Philemon. However, comparing similar parts comedy TS.S. Necklace (Plocium) and preserved comedies of Menander with the same title, performed Gelle, shows that TS.S. freely reworked originals. He changed their mood and character, they were stained with jokes, approaching farce, Greek dialogical party he reworked in the aria (cantica), written in different poetic dimensions: troheyami, iambs and t. d. But the content and its moralistic tendency TS.S. approached Menandr, saturating comedy maxims. Humanity in common with him as Menander, and with Terence. Comedy TS.S., . careful observer of life, . who tried to comprehend the motives of human behavior, and described their heroes alive, . witty, . rich bold and colorful turns of language, . that brings it to Plautus and Terence, . in general were highly appreciated in ancient times: his praise Volkatsy Sedigy, . Cicero (though he reproached TS.S,
. for his language), Varro, Gellius.