Gaius Valeri Catullus (Catullus, Gaius Valerius)( Roman poet)
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Biography Gaius Valeri Catullus (Catullus, Gaius Valerius)
Catullus, Gaius Valeri; Catullus, Gaius Valerius, ok.84-ok. 54 years. BC. e., Roman poet. Came from a family of wealthy Gentlemen of Verona. He studied in Rome. Never showed political ambitions. In 57 g. in the suite propretor Guy Memmi arrived in Bithynia, where he visited the grave of his brother. He returned to Rome as early as 56 g. In Rome he joined the group of young poets, dubbed neoterikami, many of whom, like himself, were natives of Southern Italy. That's when he fell in love with Claude, sister of the famous tribune Publius Claudia. This love has brought him a lot of disappointments and had a profound influence on all his work, which appears under the name Claudia Lesbian. Works By. preserved in medieval manuscripts in the collection can be seen about the title of the book of Catullus from Verona (Catulli Veronensis liber), perhaps drawn by the author
. This collection consists of three parts: the average includes 18 larger works (61-68), . whereas first, . metrically extremely diverse (1-60), . and last (89-116) include a short poem, . with, . starting with 65 songs of all works written exclusively elegiac distihom,
. In short poems main theme - that love. for Lesbian, his happiness, and then jealousy, disappointment and bitterness. The greatness of a poet primarily manifested in the enormous strength of his feelings, which we find also in the elegy on the grave of his brother (and in two other mentions of his death) and other works devoted to both friends and foes. K. fiercely attacked their rivals, have been given special Lesbian, but sometimes the other, unknown people. Ridiculed Caesar and his supporters, often quite accurately, argued with representatives of the traditional poetic lines.
Although K. is primarily a poet ardent passions, as in love, and hatred, his works are the fruits of careful artistic decoration. It is thrown into the eyes of simplicity and naturalness - the best evidence of a mastery of K. poetic skill. In large works for. for a formal sample taken more often we are unaware of the works of the Alexandrian poets, they also demonstrate a broad erudition, however, and nowhere have previously not been encountered hue sensitivity. In the wedding song, dedicated to Manlius and Vinii Avrunkulee (61) K. managed to convey his warm feelings for the young couple, great charm and the other songs on the same topic (62), which compete with each chorus girls and boys. Furiously-storm atmosphere saturated with a poem about a boy named Attis (63), written by a difficult and infrequent in size (the so-called gallambahom). It tells about the tragedy of a young Greek, worshiper of the goddess Cybele, who in a fit of orgiastic madness deprives himself of manhood. Probably on samples of Alexandrian poetry oriented poem wedding of Peleus and Thetis, epillion in 408 hexameter.
The contrast with pictures of the wedding fun here is a detailed (more than half of the poem), the story of Ariadne, Theseus abandoned on the island of Naxos. Excerpt 67 is the original version of the typical Hellenistic poetry lover's lament at the closed doors of his beloved. K. talking to the door, and the dialogue reveals a rather free way of life hostess, a certain lady of Verona. This is truly a "complaint-door" rather than "complaint lover". Throughout the work to. we find traces of the influence of his great predecessors, as the poets of the Hellenistic period (Callimachus, Apollonius of Rhodes, Theocritus) and older (Archilochus, Sappho, Euripides, Aristophanes). Among the poems dedicated to Lesbian, attention is drawn to paraphrase a great song Sappho (51), and among the major works - very accurate translation of the elegy Kallimaha Lock of Berenice. In any case, K. is an innovator, and his everlasting credit of the introduction to the elegy of the subjective element, where the myth becomes a means of expressing the deepest feelings of the poet. His work paved the way for later Roman poets, especially Propertius and Tibull, and Horace.