Claudia Klavdian (Claudianus Claudius)( Latin and Greek epic poet)
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Biography Claudia Klavdian (Claudianus Claudius)
Klavdian, Claudius; Claudianus, Claudius, the mind. after 404 g. n. e., Latin and Greek epic poet. Born in Egypt, educated in Alexandria, where in addition to their native Greek mastered Latin, later in Rome allowed him to enter into close contact with the Roman aristocracy, and determined his future career as a poetic. In 395 g. he was in Rome, and then for several years was in Mediolane as a court poet of Emperor Honorius and his military commander Stilihona, political activities which he described and praised in his poems. In 400-402 years. achieved great honors (for example, his statue was placed at the Forum of Trajan). - K. written in Greek and Latin.
His work - a typical court poetry in the event, created in 395-404 years. As the poet himself read his poetry at festivals, about which they were written, they were created shortly before the ceremony date, which allowed us to establish the time of writing the majority of works. Under the fresh impression of barely ended war to. created a new historical epic, which, together with long gekzametricheskimi poems (panegyrics and invective), relating to political events, constitute the most significant part of its rich artistic heritage. In the first written in Latin, the product of (earlier in adolescence in Alexandria, he wrote mostly in Greek, . then created from the exception of the fragment Gigantomachy and, . maybe, . several epigrams in the Palatine Anthology, . nothing left) At Consulate brothers Antsiya probe and Antsiya Germogeniana Olybrius he praised the two brothers, . which the emperor Theodore granted in a fairly young age consulate in 395 g,
. Congratulations on your assumption of the consul in 399 g. man whom he later ridiculed in epigram 21 for negligent performance of the post is contained in the Panegyric on the consulate Manlio Theodore.
Odnapko best known 3 panegyric on the occasion of the adoption of the consulate Emperor Honorius. In the poem eulogy for the third consulate of Honorius August C. praised eleven consul 396 g. and he predicted a great future. In the detailed work on the fourth consulate of the emperor appears the image of Theodore, the father of Honorius, which is a model of an ideal ruler. First trip Honorius as emperor and consul in 404 g. from Mediolany in Rome, where he was kindly received, the military successes of the consul and the commander Stilihona form the content of the poem Panegyric on the VI Consulate Honorius August. The imperial court C. brought closer acquaintance with vandal Stilihonom, who ruled on behalf of a minor, gonorrhea and made of durable. Stilihon was a champion of unity and power of the great Roman Empire. Ardent supporter of the same ideals and Ts was, so he made Stilihona hero of most of its historical epics and other political works. Action Stilihona praise and support for his policies (even in the poems of Pope Honorius) C. devoted all his great poetic talent.
Consulate Stilihona in 404 g. C. honored panegyrics in 3 parts Consulate Stilihona. In the first part of the poet sang of the military exploits of the hero, in the second part - its virtues, and the third - his stay in Rome and established his game. A victorious war with the Romans Gildonom in Africa in 398 g. represents the content of the epic war with Gildonom (De bello Gildonico), full of praise for Stilihona, although not himself carried the war. This work was not completed. Stilihona victory over Alaric at Pollentia near Turin in 402 g. Y praises as the greatest military victory in the whole of Roman history in the epic about the war pollentiyskoy (De bello Pollentino), known also as the War with the Goths (De bello Gothico). Stilihona enemies are also enemies of the Ts, he fiercely attacks them in two invective. In the first - Against Rufinus (In Rufinum libri II) - the poet expresses joy in connection with the murder of 395 g. most serious rival Stilihona opponents of the idea of reunification, the Minister of the Eastern Empire Rufina, describing even the trial of the once-powerful "monster" in the underworld.
At the same time, C. praises Stilihona. In the product against Eutropius (In Eutropium libri II) C. opposed shameful life consul 399 g. eunuch Eutropius, a high dignitary of the Eastern Empire. The epic song of the wedding song for wedding Honorius August (Epithalamium de nuptiis Honorii Auguti) C. describes using mythological images wedding (398) Emperor's daughter Stilihona (was not there and plenty of praise to the Stilihona). On the same occasion Y. wrote 4 comic lyrical works limerick wedding Honorius Augustus, which celebrates the newfound in-law, calls the whole world to participate in this joyous occasion, drawing pictures of the wedding fun. The other, less extensive group of works owned mythological epics. On request the Prefect of Rome Florentina C. recreates in 3 parts of the myth of the daughter of Ceres, Proserpina was abducted by Pluto, god in the epic Rape of Proserpine (De raptu Proserpinae), created in 395-397 years. In this poem, obviously the influence of Ovid. It is written in good language, the expressiveness of different descriptions, but was not finished, as Gigantomachy, which persisted only the beginning.
The latest group of poems Y. collection brings together 53 small pieces (probably not always true), mainly literary epigrams, descriptions of objects and animals (descriptive epigrams), and satiric epigrams. Noteworthy eulogy in honor of his wife Stilihona Praise Serena Serena - the product of Phoenix-based Lactantius and descriptions of the Nile. It should be called 5 more letters to various persons, containing accurate biographical data. In the so-called Appendix contains about 20 works attributed to C. As Statius, which he among others took as a model, C. was a court poet who sang of the turbulent events of his time. This makes the work of C. also an important historical source. C. write easily, a good command of the language of classical epics and poetic skill, creating a smooth classical poetry, but the content is arranged according to the laws of rhetoric. Descriptions, speech, clearly marked with the situation constituted the core of his major works, composed of smaller elements involved only verbal; effect is almost not developed
. Y is a master of allegory, . mythological allusions and comparisons, . and the world of ancient gods, . last revived in all its brilliance, . as well as countless personifications of political poems and historical epics are not only a symbolic role, . but are useful for the composition of the product, . as it was in classical Roman literature,
. Official Christian religion is not reflected in the poetry of C, which probably was not even a Christian, his poetry is essentially a pagan. C. was filled with faith in the greatness of Rome and its historic mission, which for him symbolized Stilihon, he served the intended use of your creativity. Figurative language Ts, colorful description, the embodiment of great crowd scenes give creativity U. charm and brilliance. C. is the last great poet, writing in Latin.