Cecilia Guy facies Cyprian (Cyprianus, Gaius Thascius Caecilius)( Latin Christian writer)
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Biography Cecilia Guy facies Cyprian (Cyprianus, Gaius Thascius Caecilius)
Cyprian, Caius Caecilius fascia; Cyprianus, Gaius Thascius Caecilius, NE., C.. 200-258 years. n. e., Latin Christian writer, Father of the Church. Born into a wealthy pagan family. Received an excellent education, he taught rhetoric. Christianity has been as an adult, and soon afterwards became a priest and then bishop of Carthage (249 g.) In times of persecution under the emperor Valerian to. martyred Sept. 14 258 g. There is a biography K., composed deacon Pontius, preserved, and documents relating to his trial and death. - K. is the author of numerous theological treatises.
Among them, special attention should be paid to Donat (Ad Donatum; ca. 246 g.), . where he describes his conversion to Christianity; Three books of evidence for Quirin (Ad Quirinum testimoniorum libri III), . collection of texts of Scripture, . used as a theological arguments, . product of enormous importance for the history of the Latin text of the Bible; to Demetrianu (Ad Demetrianum), . where he defends the Christians against the charges of the Gentiles; About Fallen (De lapsis) - The famous essay, . where K,
. expresses its joy at the resilience co-religionists and regret because of apostasy from the faith of some Christians, but also specifies the conditions for re-adoption in the bosom of the Church, for unity of the Church (De catholicae ecclesiae unitate; ca. 251) represents the dogmatic work of great importance; mortality (De mortalitate) represents the power of faith, . victorious over death; About inducement to martyrdom (Ad Fortunatum de exhortatione martyrii) recalls the need to follow their faith in anticipation of impending danger.,
. is also the author of 65 letters and 16 other recipient of an important source of studying the history of the African Church of the time. In addition, from the pen to. came several smaller works on issues of morality and discipline, and under his name have survived numerous unauthentic writings. K. always belonged to the most esteemed and widely read Christian writers. His work had great influence on later authors, as well as on the formulation of various problems of dogmatic theology.