(23. 12. 1920 - 23. 6. 1969)
P employee Ya Anuchkin, lieutenant, commander of the anti-aircraft machine-gun company, 1360-the first anti-aircraft artillery regiment GDH, was born December 23, 1920 in a. Belogornom Volsky District, Saratov Region. Russian. He graduated from the seven-year school in his native village and Tersinsky Agricultural College. Before conscription worked as an agronomist Belogornovskoy MTS. In the Soviet Army had served since 1941. He graduated from the Orenburg school antiaircraft artillery.
From January 1943 to victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War, fought at Voronezh, Steppe, 2 and 1 Ukrainian Front. Participated in the Voronezh-Kastornoye offensive, the Battle of Kursk, the liberation of Ukraine, Moldova, Poland, defeating the enemy on the territory of Germany. Thrice wounded. For military distinction and impeccable service in the Soviet Army awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, 2 nd degree (1944), . two Orders of Red Star (1943, . 1956), . medals "For Military Merit" (1951), . "For perfect service" 1-degree and five other medals.,
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Pyotr Yakovlevich Anuchkinu awarded April 10, 1945 in speeding up the Oder, capture and hold a beachhead on the south-west bank.
. Fter the war Anuchkin PO Box
. continued to serve in the Soviet Army. Died June 23, 1969.
January 24, 1945, together with the advance units of 5-th Guards Army reached the Oder anti-aircraft machine-gun company of Lieutenant Anuchkina. By taking positions on the heights of the right bank, anti-aircraft gunners were ready to repel attacks by enemy aircraft.
Opponent led a strong attack and the right bank of the river. Explosions and mortar shells broke the thin ice. Despite the shelling, one of the infantry battalions began crossing. The men floated on rafts, boats, boats. Anti-aircraft gunners on the alert for air, but the sky was clear.
Soon from Breslau came nine "Junkers". Descending to a height of 700-800 meters, the bomber lay on the combat course. Raz talk all heavy machine guns. Fire routes stretched to the German aircraft. By order of parent Anuchkina bomber was concentrated fire of six machine guns, but the "Junker" stay the course of combat. He has already entered into a dive, but aiming to reset the bomb's still not succeeded: the aircraft and puffed without leaving a dive, went under water. Another vulture was shot down by accurate fire nearby anti-aircraft artillery battery. Others "Junkers", randomly dropping bombs into the river, hastily retreated to the west.
On the night of 25 January rota Anuchkina on makeshift rafts and boats, crossed the south-western shore of the Oder. Anuchkin set up the machine guns on the battalion seized a beachhead in such a way that could reflect both air and ground enemy.
. On the morning of the positions taken by infantry and a company Anuchkina, moved up to the enemy's infantry regiment
. Forces were clearly unequal. A large group of machine gunners on the left flank of the battalion broke through to the positions of anti-aircraft gunners. The machine-gunners have met the enemy's heavy fire. Soon, one of the guns fell silent: the calculation has failed. The company commander with the orderly rushed to the silent machine gun and at point-blank shot by the Germans were pressing. Immediately they are primarily about a dozen fascists Anuchkin routed the rest.
Meanwhile, the bridgehead crossed another infantry battalion. Decisive attack infantry seized the village of Linden. Their attack supported company Anuchkina, destroying several machine-gun fire of enemy firing points.
Anti-aircraft gunners were ordered to cover up the air village Linden. Estimates put guns on these Anuchkinym position and produce a firing. In the middle of the day of the dive bombers appeared Grottkau S-88. Anti-aircraft gunners greeted them with friendly fire. And, although the enemy pilots managed to drop bombs on the western outskirts of the village, the Germans were missing two "Junkers", overwhelmed by well-aimed bursts antiaircrafters Lieutenant Anuchkina.
. 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968