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Buber Leonid Ilyich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography Buber Leonid Ilyich
photo Buber Leonid Ilyich
(19. 12. 1916)

B Huber Leonid Ilyich - the company commander 212 th Infantry Regiment (49 th Infantry Division, 13th Army, the North-Western Front), Lieutenant. Born December 19, 1916 in the city of Nikolaev Mykolayiv region today (Ukraine) in a working class family. Jew. Member of the CPSU since 1943. Graduated from the 7 classes and school trade schools in the city of Nikolaev, worked as a turner at a shipyard behalf of sixty-one Communards.

Since 1935 in the Soviet Army. In 1938 graduated from Odessa infantry school. Marcher Soviet troops in western Byelorussia in 1939.

Member of the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939 Б+T 40 years. Company commander 212 th Infantry Regiment, Lieutenant Buber 13 and 14 February 1940 in the battle for strengthening the area north of the village Terentilya (45 km south-east of Vyborg, Leningrad region) was fascinated by the soldiers forward. Roth broke the barbed wire and took the specified area, knocking out his opponent. February 17, successfully crossed the river Taypolen-Joki, seized a bridgehead, helped force the river than other parts of the battalion. He was wounded three times (in the arm, neck, and the tangent to the head), but did not leave the battlefield.

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Leonid Ilyich Buber awarded April 7, 1940.

. Since the beginning of the Great Patriotic War was engaged in manning the 167 th Regiment, 16 th Division, Lithuania
. At the front since 1942. Participated in the Battle of Kursk, was wounded, and was then sent to a hospital in Moscow.

After the war he continued service in the army. Since 1958, Colonel Buber Б+T in Stock. Lives in Moscow. He worked as military director school Б•¬ 352.

Awarded the Order of Lenin, World War 1 degree, 2 orders of Red Star and medals.

From the memoirs of LI. Buber:

By я-п¦п©п+я¦я-я- Taypolen-Joki, which stood at a height of pear, all was shackled reinforced concrete fortifications. It bristling with barbed wire, seemed impregnable to any military specialist. We cut this terrible wire in the breakout. Painting of the fence and now stands in front of my eyes: "troika" of concrete pillars in a checkerboard pattern, spiral entangled damned barbed wire. And Б+T bronekolpaki DOTah on concrete and steel dome over the flat bulk earth Б+T. And the trees were planted to camouflage the top. But still ahead of us Б+T minefield!.. How to overcome all this and survive?

21 Б+T 23 January my company took on vacation. Then we were transferred to thirty-five specially manufactured in Leningrad armored shields. But they did not look like hand-held shields ancient Russian warriors armed with swords and spears. Our broneschity set ... skiing. Actually, apparently it was not even billboards, but whole bronekabiny, resembling a square radiators old truck ZIS-5. Each sharp-nosed shield strengthened on two skis, though on sled runners. And their noses are formed by two converging at an acute angle plates, from which the enemy's bullets ricochet with such a loud clicking sound, as if someone threw in our "shield-bearer" large metal pea.

. Height broneschitov was relatively small: a maximum of seventy centimeters above the ski
. And to move such a "mechanism" by hand, by a soldier who crawled behind a shield. On the inner side of the central, front wall of the shield-cabin located handle to control its movement and a wooden shelf on which were placed grenades. Get down behind the shield and crawl to the enemy CEDC. In general, no shield, but a small tank, which has steel armor 7 mm, set in motion by the muscle power, which boldly rushing on the reinforced concrete bunker. A bunker of the enemy, as I said, this is Б+T two and a half meter thick concrete, but still above bronekolpak disguised land where trees were planted in advance for camouflage! ..

. But those who at one time did our broneschity Б+T is a unique device for the infantry, Б+T know how to value the lives of their soldiers
. Yes, and on our clothes taken care of as it should, although expensive, it did not differ: cotton trousers, and is the same jersey, Russian cap with ear-flaps so by centuries of experience in boots with socks Б+T is such a soldier outfit. In combat, I preferred her coat and boots of the officer ... It was not only warm, but safe, as the Finnish snipers, "cuckoo", lurking in the thick branches of trees, selectively fired at our command staff, recognizing the officers on the form.

. So, all these thirty-five broneschitov, one of which I, as the appropriate Company Commander, personally tested in practice, were handed over to me a smart commander of the 1 st platoon with a sweet funny name Lipchenok
. Then the battalion chief of staff Lieutenant Levitsky, . who had combat experience while more, . What we, . young officers, . together, . ordered me to bring a company and take a starting position for the offensive in the direction of the main fortress Taypolen Joki-height and with a very expressive title Б+T kernel.,

. Supported the offensive machine gun company of Lieutenant Gamburova of twelve heavy machine guns, as well as battery Lieutenant Lunin and divisional artillery
. These were good reliable people, and I believed them as yourself.

According to the plan of our command of the operation was to begin at eleven o'clock in the morning on Feb. 13, 1940. But even at 5.00 opened artillery fire on the height of pear-shaped, east of the height of pear. It was a double gun shaft, resembling the surf of the sea, only the crests of these "waves" of incoming one after another in a clear, hard rhythm, consisted of flame and smoke.

. After a prolonged artillery barrage, I ordered the 1 st, 2-th and 3 rd rifle platoon and pulvzvodu his company: under the guise of fire continued to turn in a line platoon and take a starting position for the offensive.

. As soon as the 1 st platoon lieutenant Lipchenka turned around and began to remove billboards, the Finns from the bunker Taypolen Joki-opened heavy fire
. We heard there was even a machine gun to knock broneschitam. At this time, I looked out from behind a low hummock, suddenly saw a number of us began to stir in the message of the head of Finnish soldiers. And I have a loud voice:

Б+T-cock lie down and keep dueling fire! Second and third squads prepare for attack!.. Forward!

The men climbed over me. Crush the enemy, moved forward and occupied the specified in the order line.

So dark. We moved into one Б+T two steps along the posts and take up defensive positions.

Especially strong fire raging in the other side, where he was now 1 st platoon, equipped broneschitami. It seemed that it would wipe, wither. But the steel tank was doing its job: the platoon was lying behind broneschitami as started talking, and even surreptitiously threw grenades at the enemy.

. Meanwhile, 2 nd and 3rd platoons with pulvzvodom rushes (and where he crawling) advanced to two hundred meters, and reached a given threshold, the steps in the course of sixty messages coming from the castle, set up in the height of Pear.

. There, in the course of communication, suddenly appeared the defenders of the fortress and began to accumulate in the snow
. Seeing, . that in the enemy during the message again the soldiers of the enemy, . I ordered the commander of his company ggulvzvoda lieutenant Kirsanov open fire on the move, . supporting the offensive 2 nd and 3rd platoons, . and by Б+T squads prepare for attack,
. I ordered so that the entire company could be heard:

Б+T grenades!.. For the Motherland, for Stalin! Attack me Б+T Б+T ahead! ..

The soldiers rushed forward. Together with them, broke into the communications and myself.

And then Lieutenant Malkov from 2-m separation the 2 nd platoon went right coverage at the rear bunker.

The enemy from the height of core opened fire along the communication. Upturned, blackened with powder snow fell down on us lumps, but it does not cause us harm.

. Enemy soldiers began to jump out of the course notes and retrench.

. Machine-gun platoon lieutenant Kirsanov in emphasis has opened heavy fire along the communication opponent.

. In this environment, we continued to fight the fire with the enemy until five o'clock the next morning
. Frost all svirepel, and we are getting hotter and hotter. No wonder they say: who's fighting, he does not freeze.

. Hooked forward fighters companies overcome barbed wire and took command of the requested our region, knocking out his opponent, and then successfully crossed the Taypolen-Joki and seized a bridgehead
. This contributed to the success of fording the river other parts Battalion. And then the mastery of one of the most impregnable fortified areas (SD) Mannerheim Line.


---
Sources:
1) All deaths of luck - Moscow. Knowledge 2000
2) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.


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