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BUYANOV Viktor

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography BUYANOV Viktor
photo BUYANOV Viktor
(18. 11. 1912 - 14. 7. 1976)

.

In IKTOR N. Buyanov, . Major, . deputy commander of the 146 th Fighter Regiment on the political side of (7 th Guards Fighter Division, . 2-nd Fighter Air Corps, . 15-th Air Army, . Bryansk Front),
. Born November 18, 1912 in Art. Vihlyayke Novoburasskogo district of Saratov region in the family working. Russian. He graduated from high school in Mr.. Petrovsk. In 1934 he graduated from the Voronezh Aviation Technical School and Flying Club. In the Soviet Army used in 1934. In 1937 he graduated from military school Engels pilots.

. Since the beginning of World War II victory over Germany, fought in the South and South-Western Front, then with the 1 and 2 air armies in the West, Kalinin, 1 st Baltic, 3-m 1-Belorussian and First Ukrainian fronts
. He took part in defensive battles of the first period of the war in Moldova and Ukraine, to counterattack by our troops near Rostov, Battle of Kursk, the liberation of Belarus, Lithuania, Ukraine, Poland, defeating the enemy in Germany. Started the war Commissioner fighter aircraft squadrons, graduated from the chief of the political Guards Division. For military distinction and impeccable service in the Soviet Army was awarded the Order of Lenin (1941), . two Orders of Red Banner (1944, . 1954), . Order of the Patriotic War, 1 st degree (1945), . Red Star (1949), . medals "For Military Merit" (1944), . "For the capture of Berlin", . "For the liberation of Prague" and four other medals, . as well as the Czechoslovak Military Cross and the Polish medals "For the liberation of Poland", . "For the Oder, . Neisse, . Baltika.,

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Viktor Buyanov awarded on Sept. 2, 1943 for 280 combat sorties, . 9 and whipped himself into a group of 4 planes of the enemy and for displaying valor and courage.,
.
. In this during the war in
. N. Buyanov made 309 sorties on the MiG-W, Yak-1 Yak-W, Yak-7 Yak-9 and shot down in aerial combat 17 enemy planes.

In 1947, VN. Buyanov completed courses of the political departments in the Air Force Academy. In 1956, the General Staff Military Academy. Since 1969 Б+T responsible positions in the army. Since 1971, Major General Aviation Buyanov Б+T in stock.

Died July 14, 1976. He was buried in Odessa.

W esterka Yak-7b, led by Major Buyanova, patrolling near the village Dudorovsky, covering the ferry tank units across Resseta. At this time in the direction of the Volkhov were two nines S-88, and Buyanov received orders to prevent enemy bombers to attack ground troops. To achieve this, he identified four "yak", while he and his party organizer Farafontovym squadron remained in the same area.

Some time later, the pilots saw the west barely noticeable silhouette of a large group of enemy planes. 40 S-87 bombers at an altitude of 2500 meters walked in the direction of crossing. Buyanov not stopped in front of a huge numerical superiority of the enemy. Buyanov gave his wingman signal attack. The pilots went behind the clouds, made a semicircle to the left and the reversal of the clouds suddenly tumbled to the first nine "Junkers". From well-aimed cannon rounds two bombers heavily puffed and collapsed to the ground.

The Nazis did not have time to recover from the unexpected blow, as Buyanov Farafontov left under a cloud. Once again, followed by an attack, this time on the aircraft's leading second nines. Two S-87 caught fire! Hitler's pilots did not survive the onslaught of our resolute fighters, quivered, scattered in all directions, abandoning their bombs on our troops.

. Shortly heroes pilots engaged the enemy from marching behind twenty "Focke-Wulf" and shot down two vultures.

. In Major Buyanova happy combination of excellent quality pilot and a gifted political worker
. He correctly and on time zeroing in Party and Komsomol organization of the regiment on the exemplary performance of combat missions, the strengthening of military discipline and order in the units.

. Six kills fascist "Junkers" and "Fokker" - this is the outcome of the battle of the two Soviet fighter with 60 enemy planes
. This battle took place July 14, 1943 and recorded in military history as an outstanding example of military skill and valor of Major Buyanova.


---
Sources:
1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968


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