(30. 9. 1895 - 5. 12. 1977)
In asilevsky Alexander - Marshal of the Soviet Union. Born 30 (18) September 1895 in the village of New Golchiha now Vichugskogo district of the Ivanovo region in the family cantor. Russian. Member of the CPSU since 1938. In 1897 he moved with his family in the village now Novopokrovsky Kineshma region Ivanovo region. In 1909 he graduated from Kineshma religious school and enrolled in the Kostroma Seminary diploma which allows you to continue education in a secular institution. Alexander dreamed of becoming an agriculturist or a surveyor, but the outbreak of World War I changed his plans. In May 1915 he graduated from the crash course (4 months) Alexeyevsky Military School in Moscow and in the rank of lieutenant was sent to the South-Western Front. He commanded a company of 409-th Novokhopersk Regiment (103rd Infantry Division, 9 th Army), then a battalion. In May 1916 participated in the famous Brusilov breakthrough. He received the rank of captain.
After the October Revolution in December 1917 the soldiers elected him commander of the 409-th regiment. In early 1918, while on vacation in their native lands, was appointed an instructor in Vsevobuch Ugletskoy parish (county Kineshma Kostroma Province). Fall of 1918 he worked as a teacher in primary schools in villages of Upper and Podyakovlevo Tula province (now the Orel region). In April 1919, drafted into the Red Army. After passing through the monthly training in 4-m reserve battalion got to the front. A short time he rose from platoon commander instructor (pomkomvzvoda) to the assistant commander of 429 Infantry Regiment. He fought against the gangs in the territory of Tula and Samara, Denikin, orders Bulak-Bulakhovich, participated in the Polish company. After the war, commanded the 142 th and 143 th regiments of the 48 th Tverskaya Infantry Division, headed by the divisional school junior commanders. In 1927 he graduated from the infantry tactical training Б• Б•L Shot. Fall of 1930, the regiment under the command of Vasilevsky took first place in the division and received the highest mark in the district maneuvers.
From 1931 he served in the Office of the combat training of the Red Army. In 1934-1936, he was head of the department training Volga Military District. In 1937 he graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff and unexpectedly appointed head of the department rear Academy (former Chief II Trutko was at this time of repression). In October 1937, followed by a new appointment - Assistant Chief of Staff. Since May 1940, Deputy. Chief of Operations of the General Staff.
In Private World War II on the first day. In August 1941, Major-General Vasilevsky was appointed Deputy Chief of Staff - Chief of the Operations Department. In June 1942 he was appointed Chief of Staff, and from October was also Deputy Commissar of Defense, was a member of the Stavka. He has made a great contribution to the development of Soviet military art, participated in the design and implementation plan for an offensive at Stalingrad. On behalf of Stavka coordinated the Voronezh and Steppe Fronts in the Battle of Kursk. In 1943 he was awarded the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union Б• Б•L. Supervised the planning and conduct of operations for the liberation of Donbass, Northern Tavria, Krivoy Rog, Nikopol operations, operations for the liberation of the Crimea, the Byelorussian operation.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Vasilevsky was awarded July 29, 1944 for the exemplary performance of tasks of the Supreme Command for the management of these operations.
. Since February 1945 commanded the 3-Byelorussian Front
. Supervised stormed Konigsberg.
E School in autumn 1944, Vasilevsky was instructed to calculate the necessary forces and material resources for the war against imperialist Japan. In 1945, under his leadership a plan was prepared Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation, which was approved by the General Headquarters and the State Defense Committee. In July 1945, Vasilevsky was appointed commander of Soviet forces in the Far East. On the eve of the onset of initial positions, visited the troops, acquainted with the parts, and discussed the situation with the army commanders and corps. This had been clarified and shortened the main tasks, in particular the entry Machzhurskuyu plain. At dawn on August 9 troops Transbaykal, 1 and 2 Far Eastern Front, the Pacific Fleet, the Amur Flotilla and the People's Revolutionary Army crossed the border of Mongolia and began to advance deep into enemy territory. Just 24 days it took the Soviet and Mongolian troops to defeat in Manchuria millionth of the Kwantung Army.
. In the Torah medal "Gold Star" Alexander Vasilevsky was awarded on Sept. 8, 1945 for the leadership shown by Soviet troops in the Far East during the war with Japan.
. In 1946-1949 he was the Chief of General Staff, the Deputy and 1 Deputy Minister of the Armed Forces of the USSR
. In 1949-1953 he was the Minister of BC (Minister of War) of the USSR, in 1953-1956 - 1 Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR, in 1956-1957 - Deputy Minister of Defense on military science. Since 1959 is in the group of general inspectors of the USSR Ministry of Defense. At the XIX and XX Congress elects a member of the CPSU Central Committee. Elected deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 2.4 convocations. Awarded the Order of Lenin 8, . Order of the October Revolution, . 2 orders of victory Б• Б•L (one of them Б•¬ 2), . 2 orders of the Red Banner, . Order of Suvorov 1 degree, . Red Star, . Б• For Service to Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR Б•L 3 degrees, . medals, . Honorary Arms, . foreign orders.,
. In steps 5 December 1977
. He was buried in Red Square in the Kremlin wall. Bronze bust installed in the city Kineshma. His name was given to the streets in Moscow, Engels, Saratov region, Krasnodon Voroshilovgrad (Luhansk) region, the area of Kaliningrad.
Lifework. - 7 ed. - M.: Politizdat, 1990.
Marshal Boris Shaposhnikov. / / The generals and commanders of the Great Patriotic. - Issue. 2. - M.: Б• Young Guard Б•L, 1979. - (ZHZL).
The defeat of the Kwantung Army. - Khabarovsk, 1968.