(6. 8. 1914 - 29. 3. 1986)
A eonid P. Groshev, . Guard Captain, . Under the navigator of the 20 th Guards Bomber Aviation Regiment (13th Guards Bomber Air Division, . 2 nd Guards Bomber Aviation Corps, . 18-th Air Army),
. Born Aug. 6, 1914 in a working village Alekseyevka Khvalin District, Saratov Region. Russian. After studying in junior high school, worked as a loader in Alexeyevskoye backwater and a fireman. In 1936 he graduated from college Balakovski river, swam in the Volga assistant engineer steamer Altfater "Joint Volga River Shipping. In the Soviet Army, he served from 1936 to 1946. Military education received specialty hand-scorer in the 3rd-military pilot school in g. Orenburg in 1937 and in the Moscow Red Banner School connection in 1941.
. From August 1941 until the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War, fought in the long-range aircraft and 18 th? Air Force, . performing combat missions in the interest of the Supreme Command, . and Southern, . West, . Leningrad, . Stalingrad, . 1 and 2, the first Ukrainian, . 1 and 2 of the first Belarusian and other fronts,
. For military distinction was awarded the Order of Lenin (1944), two Orders of Red Banner (1942 - 2), medals "For Defense of Leningrad", "For the defense of Stalingrad", "For the capture of Berlin," "For the capture of Budapest" and four other medals.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Leonid Grosheva conferred May 15, 1946 over 226 combat missions in the twin-engined bombers IL-4, . causing great damage to the enemy and for displaying valor and courage.,
. Fter the war since 1946 L.P
. Underpaid - the captain of the reserve. Lived in Mr.. Atkarsk. Worked as a senior inspector of the district production department of agriculture. Died March 29, 1986.
W Thurman 2-class captain Groshev equally successfully flew as a bombardier and illuminator, the controller and reconnaissance weather. He dropped bombs on military targets Konigsberg, Tilsit, Constanta, Galati, Debrecen, Lublin, Budapest, Helsinki, Danzig, Breslau, Lodz, Szczecin and Berlin. We Grosheva not been a single case of loss of orientation. Having served as an instructor in navigation, he paid much attention to training pilots and navigators in the radionavigation against. As sorties Grosheva, then each of them he showed courage, bravery and skill.
. February 6, 1943 the crew of the IL-4 in Marusichenko captain, navigator Grosheva and arrow-radioman Grabchak flew to strike at the enemy's trains at the station Merefa
. The flight was a 10-point cloud. At times, it was snowing. But above the clouds the moon shone, and sometimes in tears of clouds could be seen the land. At an altitude of 1000 meters lay on the combat course, but when approaching the target aircraft entered in a thick cloud. I had to go to the second calling. At this time the plane dropped to 700 meters and was under the bottom edge of the clouds. The Germans opened heavy fire. The blast wave of anti-aircraft shells threw the car from side to side. Shards of the bullets pierced the plane and the fuselage of the bomber. But, despite the shelling, the pilot kept the car on the combat course. Groshev finally caught the goal in sight and pressed the button elektrosbrasyvatelya. Bombs went down. At the station emerged five fires, accompanied by strong explosions. However, one of the trains managed to escape from the attack in a southerly direction. It said Groshev even during the second call and, once bombed, reported to the captain. Marusichenko made a turn and, falling to an altitude of 300 meters, fired the train with machine guns. The train caught fire and stopped. The crew returned safely to their base. The machine counted over 80 holes.
On the night of April 20, 1945 the Soviet Air Force struck a massive blow to Berlin. The operation involved a penny. He just brought the car to the center of Berlin and all thirteen stokilogrammovyh bombs dropped on the building of the Ministry of Internal Affairs ...
Sources: 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968