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EROMASOV Petr Fedorovich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography EROMASOV Petr Fedorovich
photo EROMASOV Petr Fedorovich
(1911 - 13. 8. 1963)

P employee Fedorovich Eromasov - Lieutenant Commander transport aircraft, 1 st Air Transport Division (Soviet Army Air Force). Born in 1911 in Mr.. Pugachev Saratov region. Russian. With 8 years old was brought up in an orphanage. In 1933 he graduated with honors from Balashov School of Civil Aviation, and later worked there as an instructor pilot. Taught himself English and German, who was fluent in. For the successes achieved in the preparation of the pilots and the exemplary performance of duty in peacetime, was awarded two Orders of Honor "and the badge" Excellent Aeroflot.

During the Great Patriotic War P.F. Eromasov served in various responsible assignments Homeland. In the transport plane at night under any weather conditions, he flew dozens of times in the heartland of the enemy. It was the unique mission of. Each flight to Germany, Romania, Finland and other countries often lasted for 14 - 15 hours.

In an air battle on Nov. 16, 1942 P.F. Eromasov was seriously wounded in the legs and up to 17 July 1943 was treated in hospital.

We kazom Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of 20 January 1943 Peter Fedorovich Eromasovu was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. By the time he carried out 53 successful sorties over the enemy's rear.

. The commander of the ship, air group commander of the special purpose of assisting the guerrillas and the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia, deputy commander of the division - a path walked Eromasov during the war
. In all he made about 60 combat sorties, flown at the front line and 138 - in the rear of the enemy. For fighting differences, . except the highest award of the Motherland, . was awarded the Order of the Red Banner (1945), . World War 1-st degree (1943), . Alexander Nevsky (1944) and the medal "For Military Merit" (1942), . "Partisan of Patriotic War," 1-st degree, . "For the Defense of Moscow", . "For the Defense of Leningrad" and two other medals, . as well as the Yugoslav Order Guerrilla Star 1-st degree.,

. In the last years of his life P.F
. Eromasov worked as deputy head of the Office of International Air Service of the Ministry of Civil Aviation of the USSR and did a lot for the development of air transportation of the Soviet Union with the countries of Europe, Asia and Africa.

. In measures Petr Fedorovich August 13, 1963 after a severe illness while on duty
. He was buried at the Novo-Devichye cemetery in g. Moscow. His name since 1965 is Buguruslan flying school.

In 1944, the Political Department of the Civil Air Fleet was issued a special leaflet dedicated to the martial exploits of pilot Eromasova. The leaflet stated:

"... Mayor Eromasov - master of night flights. He acts bravely, boldly and resolutely, always returns with victory. Once the command has set Eromasovym difficult task - to throw off the plane group of skydivers in the important object of the Germans, surrounded by several belts of antiaircraft guns and heavily saturated searchlight installations. At night, with muffled motors aircraft Eromasova appeared in the target area. Rays enemy searchlights frantically went through the sky, looking for the Soviet machine. Established fire breaks flak. The daring pilot decided to outwit the Germans: he walked away from the goal, diverted the attention prozhektoristov, then fell sharply, quietly brought the aircraft to a darkened goal. Throwing off his parachute, he walked away from the goal and then diverting the enemy's searchlights. This brilliant maneuver was executed so quickly that the Germans were unaware of dropping. Stratagem was successful, responsible job was done ... "


---
Sources:
1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968


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EROMASOV Petr Fedorovich, photo, biography
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