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Zavarin Gregory Antonovich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography Zavarin Gregory Antonovich
photo Zavarin Gregory Antonovich
(24. 11. 1902 - 30. 9. 1944)

Mr. Antonovich rigory Zavarin - Major flagshturman the 51-mine-torpedo Regiment (8 th mine-torpedo Air Division, Air Baltic Fleet). Born November 24, 1902 in a. Slastuhe Ekaterinovskaya district of Saratov region. Russian. In 1925 he was drafted into the Red Army and served in her 19 years - until the day of his death. He graduated from infantry school and Orenburg Pilot School Observer. He served as a navigator, flag-navigator 4 th Aviation Regiment of the Pacific Fleet.

During the Great Patriotic War, with its first day, fought in the air forces of the Baltic Fleet as a navigator. Aviatsmonnaya brigade which served Zavarin, interacting with parts of the defense, covered by Mr.. Tallinn, Hanko peninsula and ships of the fleet of aircraft of the enemy, defending the approaches to Leningrad. For military distinction was awarded the Order of the Red Banner (1944) and the medal "For Defense of Leningrad".

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union Grigory Antonovich Zavarin awarded March 6, 1945 posthumously in 27 sorties on torpedo aircraft and sunk 5 Transport and 3 warships of the enemy.

.

Zavarin excellent owned specialty navigator naval aviation
. He always just bring the aircraft to the target, striking the enemy without a miss. The most significant operation torpedo carried out with the participation Zavarina, entered the military history of the Baltic Fleet. At dawn on July 13, 1941 the command had received information about the movement of large enemy convoy with troops from Klaipeda to Riga. In the Irbe Strait convoy was attacked by our torpedo boats, and suffered considerable losses. However, the surviving ships and transports continued movement in the designated port. Complete the destruction of this convoy was instructed pilots of naval aviation.

Zavarin plots the bomber, managed a second lieutenant Muraviev. Despite the low clouds, navigator exactly brought the aircraft to the target and dive-bombing destroyed enemy vehicles with a displacement of 6000 tons.

. Combat sorties Zavarina of minefields in the naval bases of Kotka, . Tallinn Riga, . as well as the destruction of enemy warships and transports at sea and ports, . were associated with greater risk for life, . demanded from the navigator's high military skill.,

. June 23, 1944 mine-torpedo Regiment was tasked - to strike at enemy warships in the port of Paldiski
. Airplane Colonel I.N. Ponomarenko and Major GA. Zavarina was leading. Flight conditions were difficult: storm clouds, rain, poor visibility, Zavarin just brought a bomber to the target. Anti-aircraft guns opened fire at the enemy, and it seemed it was not possible to decrease the impact of drop torpedoes. However, the crew, skillfully using protivozenitny maneuver, top-mast blow sank an enemy destroyer type "Theodor Riedel.

. July 5, 1944 as part of the same crew Zavarin twice flew to destroy enemy warships in the Gulf of Narva accurate strikes sank a patrol boat and transport.

. In connection with the advance of Soviet troops in the west, the enemy became more difficult to use sea communications in the northern Gulf
. In an effort to cover up their rocky communication Kotka - Vyborg Bay from our air strikes, the enemy stepped up its fleet fighter. At Kotka raid came cruiser defense "Niobe". To destroy it, the air forces of the Baltic Fleet 16 July 1944 carried out a raid in Kotka, which involved 132 aircraft. First attack aircraft attacked enemy antiaircraft. Then, 28 dive bombers attacked the cruiser and damaged his. After this link bombers, led by Lt. Col. Ponomarenko flagshturmanom Zavarin, dropped on the cruiser 6 tysyachekilogrammovyh bombs and sank his. The captain I.N. Ponomarenko for this feat he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union, and the major GA. Zavarin - Order of the Red Banner.

On the shadow of 1944, Soviet troops launched a battle to clear the enemy from the Baltic. September 22 Zavarin made 2 sorties and sank two large transport, and Sept. 29 to let the bottom of another enemy transport. Upon returning from its mission the aircraft was in the thick fog in the Gulf region Koporsky crashed. The crew, which included the major G. A. Zavarin, died.


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Sources:
1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968


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