(20. 9. 1913 - 21. 1. 1985)
P employee Zamchalov Ivanovich, Major, Corps Engineer 9 th Guards Tank Red Banner Order of Suvorov Umansky Corps. Born September 20, 1913 in g. Volsk, Saratov region. Russian. He graduated from Voronezh Civil Engineering in 1932, . three courses and one, . semester of the Saratov Institute of Road (evening, . branch) in 1936 and refresher courses for officers of the Military Engineering Academy named after Kuibyshev in 1943,
. In the Soviet Army, he served from 1936 to 1960.
Since the beginning of World War II victory over Germany fought on the Western, Central, 1 and 2-m 1-Ukrainian and Byelorussian fronts. Participated in the defense of Smolensk and Moscow, the Battle of Kursk, the liberation of Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, defeating the enemy in Germany. For Combat Service to the Motherland and impeccable service in the Soviet Army was awarded three Orders of the Red Banner (1944, . 1945, . 1956), . Order of the Patriotic War 1 and 2 nd degree (1943, . 1944), . two orders of jingoistic Star (1945, . 1954), . medals "For Military Merit" (1954), . "For the Defense of Moscow", . "For the capture of Berlin", . "For the liberation of Warsaw, and four other medals, . as well as the Polish medal for Oder, . Neisse, . Baltika.,
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin, . and the Gold Star Medal "Peter Ivanovich Zamchalovo awarded April 6, 1945 for bravery, . courage and leadership shown by the engineering of the hull during the Vistula-Oder offensive.,
. Fter War II
. I. Zamchalov - retired colonel living in the Ukraine in g. Stry Lviv region, worked as head of department of public utilities. Died Jan. 21, 1985.
W Hima in 1945 in Poland п¦я-п¦п¦п¦п¦я¦я- harsh and snowy. On many rivers established freeze-up, . but the ice did not hold vehicles and tanks, . therefore the main concern of the corps engineer Zamchalovo was the restoration and construction of bridges over water barriers, . many places that intersect the forthcoming offensive.,
. The first serious obstacle for the tanks was Pilica
. Long before entering the shell in the battle Zamchalov with advanced detachments of infantry advanced to the engineering of the river and proceeded to build a bridge. In the case were put prearranged bridge details. The engineers worked without rest and under enemy fire throughout the night. By the morning of January 16 bridge load capacity of 60 tons was ready. Case quickly crossed Pilica and struck the north-west. Tankers liberated city GrцЁjec and Zyrardow and by the end of January 16 came to Sohachevu. The following day they stormed the city and cut off the escape route Warsaw grouping.
For the exploration of ferries across the river Bzura Zamchalov advance sent a group of experienced engineers. Scouts rushed in Sochaczew, together with the vanguard and captured the bridge intact capacity to 10 tons. Brody for the tanks was not. Zamchalov again advanced to the river to its engineering provision and ensured a quick tip-off of the bridge for the crossing of heavy tanks.
But particularly distinguished Zamchalov during the fighting in the area of the city-fortress of Bydgoszcz. He personally led a detachment of sappers and in good repair conquered by the Nazis is one of the bridges. This bridge was used to cross the artillery and infantry. Road bridge over the river Notec fit to skip the heavy tanks, was south of the city Inclination. Zamchalov attacked the guard of the bridge, but at the last minute, the Germans blew up one of the spans. After a fierce battle sappers still beat off the bridge and began its restoration. Germans planted reserves and attacked the miners. To ensure the maintenance of the bridge, Zamchalov with a small engineering unit for a few hours restrained attack the Nazis, and then came up with a tank battalion took part in the liberation of the city Inclination. Bridge Notec was restored ferry tanks provided. January 23 Bydgoszcz was liberated from the Nazis.
Sources: 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968