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ZAKhAROV Matvei

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography ZAKhAROV Matvei
photo ZAKhAROV Matvei
(17. 8. 1898 - 31. 1. 1972)

W ahar Zakharov. Born August 17, 1898 in the village Voylovo now Staritskogo region Tver region in a peasant family. Russian. Member of the CPSU since 1917. In the Soviet Army from 1918. In April 1917 joined the Red Guard, took part in the storming of the Winter Palace, in the battles of Pulkovo in suppressing the rebellion Kerensky Б+T Krasnov. In 1918 he graduated from Pegrogradskie artillery training, in 1919 - the High School of the Moscow headquarters of service in 1924 Б+T Kharkov repeated courses commanders. During the Civil War, commanded an artillery battery and battalion. Participated in the defense of Tsaritsyn, and the battles at Stavropolytsine, Don and the North Caucasus.

He graduated from the Military Academy named M.V. Frunze in 1933, Voennnuyu General Staff Academy in 1937. He commanded a rifle regiment (1935), was chief of staff of the Leningrad Military District (1937), assistant chief of General Staff of the Red Army (1938 Б+T 1940.) Chief of Staff of the 12 th army releasing Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina. C in July 1940 Chief of Staff of the Odessa Military District.

Two days before Hitler's attack on the Soviet Union created a field army headquarters of a group of officers of the Odessa Military District. This move allowed General Zakharov advance lead troops in full combat readiness in the early days of the war successfully fend off the Nazi forces and cause them significant damage. Based on intelligence data, Zakharov foresaw that the invasion would be preceded by a blow on the airfields. So he insisted on the urgent relocation of aircraft. And on the night of June 22, 1941. Nazi bombs fell on an empty place.

. During the Great Patriotic War, was chief of staff of 9-Army, . Chief of Staff of the Commander in Chief of the North-West direction (from July 1941), . Staffs Kalinin (January 1942), . Reserve and Steppe (April - October 1943), . 2-th Ukrainian (October 1943 - June 1945) and the Trans-Baikal Front (during the war with Japan).,

. Successfully developed more than 20 front-line offensive operations, among them such as the Belgorod-Kharkov, Korsun-Shevchenko, Iasi-Kishinev, Budapest, etc.
. One of the most experienced staff of commanders, Zakharov was a perfect master management techniques large military associations. On the thoughtfulness and thoroughness of Zakharov shows the case where the prisoners had drawn up by Hitler's staff officers under his leadership, the map of the German defense for a copy of his. This was after a successful Iasi-Kishinev operation.

. W tion of Hero of the Soviet Union Army General Zakharov Zakharov was awarded on Sept. 8, 1945 for their exemplary fulfillment of the command to direct operations against the German fascist invaders and the Japanese militarists.,

. After the war, in 1945, Б+T 49 and 1963-1964, Head of the Military Academy of the General Staff
. From 1949 to 1952 - head of the GRU. Since 1952 - Chief Inspector of the Soviet Army, then commander of Air Defense, Chief of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. In 1960-1963 and 1964-1971 - Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR - First Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR. Professor (1948). Marshal of the Soviet Union (1959). Since 1971, Б+T in the Group of Inspectors General.

C 1961 a member of the CPSU Central Committee. Member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 4 Б+T 8-th convocation.

At Toro medal "Gold Star" marschal Zakharov M.V. awarded on Sept. 22, 1971 for bravery and courage shown in battle to protect the Soviet state, and achievements in building and strengthening of the USSR Armed Forces.

Hero Czechoslovakia. Awarded the Order of Lenin 5, . Order of the October Revolution, . 4 ordenammi Red Banner, . 2 orders of Suvorov 1 degree, . 2 ordknamii Kutuzov 1 degree, . Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 1 degree, . Red Star, . medals, . honorable weapon, . and inostrannymii orders.,

. Died Jan. 31, 1972
. He was buried in Red Square near the Kremlin Wall. Bronze bust installed in the g. Starica Tver. Name of Marshal Zakharov has Ryazan Higher Military Command School of Communications.

Compositions:
On the scientific approach to directing troops
. Moscow, 1967;
National defense Б+T sacred duty of every citizen of the USSR. M., 1969, etc.



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ZAKhAROV Matvei, photo, biography
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