(16. 3. 1911 - 16. 3. 1988)
By Alina Alexander Danilovich. Born 16 (3) March 1911 in the city Apostolovo now Dnepropetrovsk region (Ukraine). In 1930 he graduated from the school FZO, worked at the Steel Mill. In 1930-1931 he studied in Dneprodzerzhinsk Metallurgical Institute.
In the Soviet army from 1931. In 1932 he graduated from Volskaya military aviation technical school. In 1932-1935 ÁT Mechanic Research and Test Institute of the Air Force, participated in test flights on heavy aircraft.
Since 1935 ÁT in stock. In 1935-1937 worked as a mechanic at the Special Design Bureau of Inventions People's Commissariat of Defense. In 1937 he graduated from the Tambov aviation school pilots GVF. In 1937-1941 ÁT pilot of the Moscow Office of the GVF. Participated in the delivery of goods and weapons in the fighting during the battles on Khalkhin Goal in September-October 1939 and during the Soviet-Finnish war in January-March 1940.
Since 1941 the army again. Member of the Great Patriotic War. In June 1941-December 1942 ÁT pilot, squadron commander, 1 st Air Transport Division, GVF. From January 1943 ÁT deputy commander of the 3rd Air Division, a separate connection, GVF. During the war years performed about 250 sorties over enemy lines for the landing parachute, transporting ammunition and other cargo guerrillas, as well as on the front line for delivery of ammunition and weapons.
Since 1946 ÁT in stock. In 1947-1948 ÁT Test Pilot Research Institute GVF; conducted tests of passenger aircraft.
. In 1948-1955 ÁT test pilot aircraft factory Á•¬ 30 (now ÁT Moscow Aircraft Production Association); experienced serial IL-12, IL-28 and their modifications.
. In 1955-1965 ÁT Test Pilot TUPOLEV
. Rise into the sky and tested a passenger aircraft Tu-124 and Tu-134, took part in trials of Tu-22 and Tu-104 and others.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal Á• Á•L test pilot Alexander Danilovich Kalina awarded on Aug. 21, 1964 for courage and heroism, . shown during testing of new aviation technology.,
. F ill in Moscow
. Worked in the OKB named after AN Tupolev engineer for safety. Died March 16, 1988. He was buried in Moscow on Vostryakovskiy cemetery.
Honored Test Pilot of the USSR (1961), Lieutenant Colonel. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, 3 orders of the Red Banner, 2 orders of the Patriotic War, 1-st degree, Order of Red Banner of Labor, 3 Orders of Red Star, Order of Honor Á• Á•L, with medals.
Biography provided by A. Simonov