(26. 10. 1880 - 18. 2. 1945)
By arbyshev Dmitry Mikhailovich - Lieutenant-General of Engineering Troops. Born 26 (14 to st.s.) in October 1880 in Omsk, in the family of military officials. Russian. Member of the CPSU (b) since 1940. In 1898 he graduated from the Siberian Cadets Corps in 1890 - Nikolaev military engineering school (first class). The rank of second lieutenant assigned to the company commander in the East Siberian Battalion stationed in Manchuria.
In Private Russian-Japanese War of 1904-1905. In the battalion's position strengthened, established means of communication, building bridges, conducted reconnaissance in force. Participated in the Battle of Mukden. He was awarded 5 medals (in t.ch. Stanislaus 2 degrees) and 3 medals. The war ended with the rank of lieutenant.
After the war for propaganda among the soldiers fired in stock. Lived and worked in Vladivostok. In 1907, began to emerge Vladivostok fortress Battalion. Urgently required experienced officers and Karbyshev again entered the military service. In 1911 he graduated with honors from the Nikolaev Military Engineering Academy. On the allocation of capital Karbyshev was to become commander of the mine company, Sevastopol fortress, but instead sent to Brest-Litovsk. There he participated in the construction of forts of Brest Fortress.
In Private World War I from the first day. He fought in the Carpathians in the 8 th Army, General AABrusilov. (South-Western Front). Was division engineer 78-th and 69 th infantry divisions, 22 of the Finnish Infantry Corps. At the beginning of 1915 participated in the storming of the fortress Przemysl. He was wounded in the leg. For courage and bravery was awarded the Order of St.. Anne with swords and promoted to lieutenant. In 1916 he was a member of the famous Brusilovsky breakthrough.
In December 1917, in Mogilev-Podolsky Karbyshev joined the Red Guard. Since 1918 the Red Army. During the Civil War he was involved in the construction of Simbirsk, Samara, Saratov, Chelyabinsk, Zlatoust, Trinity, Kurgan fortified areas, provided engineering Kahovsky springboard. He has held senior positions in the headquarters of the North Caucasian Military District. In 1920 he was appointed chief of engineers, 5 Army of the Eastern Front. Managed consolidation Transbaykal springboard. Autumn of 1920, became assistant chief engineer of the Southern Front. Supervised engineering and assault Chongaro Perekopa, for which he was awarded engraved gold watch.
. In 1921-1936 he served in the Engineers, was chairman of the Engineering Committee of the Main Military Engineering Management of the Red Army
. Since November 1926 he taught at the Military Academy of Frunze. In February 1934 he was appointed head of the department of military engineering. General Staff Military Academy Since 1936, he served as assistant chief of the department tactics of higher formations of the Military Academy of the General Staff. In 1938 he graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff. In the same year approved academic rank of professor. It has made a considerable contribution to scientific development issues crossing rivers and other water hazards. He has published over 100 scientific papers on military engineering and military history. His articles and manuals on the theory of engineering and battlefield operations and tactics Corps of Engineers were the main materials for the preparation of the Red Army in the prewar years. In 1941 Karbyshev thesis Doctor of Military Sciences. Many times, presided over the State Commission for the Protection of the graduation projects in the Military Engineering Academy named after VV Kuibyshev. He was a member of the Expert Task committee of the Committee of the Higher School. Often present at the trials of the newest samples of engineering technology. Participated in the Rules Committee to develop and publish guidance for the Red Army's military engineering.
In private trader Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-1940 the. In a group of Deputy Chief of the military engineering department for the construction of defensive troops to make recommendations to the engineering breakthroughs ensure the Mannerheim Line.
. In early June 1941 DM Karbyshev was sent to the Western Special Military District
. Great Patriotic War found him in the headquarters of the 3rd Army in Grodno. After 2 days he moved to the headquarters of the Army 10. June 27 army headquarters was surrounded. In August, when trying to leave the environment Lieutenant General Karbyshev was severely wounded in battle in the area of the Dnieper. In the unconscious state was captured.
H emtsy repeatedly tried to persuade Karbysheva to treason, he refused to go to the service of the Nazis. The German concentration camps, Zamosc, Hammelburg, Flossenburg, Majdanek, Auschwitz, Sachsenhausen was one of the leaders of the underground. On the night of February 18, 1945 in the concentration camp Mauthausen (Austria), among other prisoners (about 500) was doused with water in the cold and died.
. W tion of Hero of the Soviet Union Dmitri M. Karbyshev conferred posthumously on Aug. 16, 1946.
. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, Red Banner, Red Star, the medal Б• XX years WPRA Б•L.
. At the entrance to the memorial on the site of the Mauthausen camp erected a monument of white marble by sculptor V. Tsigal
. Sights are also installed in Moscow, Omsk, Kiev, Tallinn. His name is Boulevard in Moscow, a small planet in the solar system, tanker, passenger ship, schools, businesses, the streets of several cities, were pioneer squads.
Biography provided by AE Melnikov