(8. 6. 1920 - 8. 8. 1991)
By ozhedub Ivan Nikitovich - fighter. Born June 8, 1920 in the village Obrazhievka now Shostka district of Sumy region (Ukraine) in a peasant family. Ukrainetz. Member of the CPSU since 1943. He graduated from the Chemical Engineering College and Shostkinsky Aeroclub. In the Red Army in 1940. In 1941 he graduated from Chuguivska Air Force Pilot School. Served in her instructor.
Since the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, along with flying school was evacuated to Central Asia. After numerous reports with the request sent to the front of his desire was satisfied. In November 1942 Sergeant Kozhedub arrived in Ivanovo in the 240 th Fighter Regiment of the emerging 302-th Fighter Division. In March 1943, as part of the division departed for the Voronezh Front.
. His first sortie made on March 26, but was unsuccessful: his La-5 (side Б•¬ 75) was damaged in battle, but the return also came under fire from Soviet antiaircraft artillery
. With great difficulty Kozhedub brought the fighter to the airfield and landed. Summer month on older machines, has not yet received the new La-5. Later fought on the Steppe Front. Fighting through Lieutenant Kozhedub opened on July 6 at the Kursk Bulge, knocking bomber Ju-87. The next day, shot down a second, and on July 9 in an air battle shot down once 2 fighter Me-109. In August, appointed commander of the squadron.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star Medal, the commander of a squadron of 240 Fighter Regiment (5 th Air Army, . Steppe Front) Senior Lieutenant Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub awarded on Feb. 4, 1944 over 146 sorties and shot down 20 enemy planes.,
. Since May 1944 Ivan Nikitovich fought at La-5FN (side Б•¬ 14), built by the collective farm Stalingrad area VV Konev
. A few days later knocked on it Ju-87. For 6 consecutive days, shot down another 7 aircraft. In late June, he donated his La 5FN KA Evstigneeva (later twice Hero of the Soviet Union), and he joined a training regiment. However, in August was appointed deputy commander of the 176 th regiment of the Guards. At this time the regiment was rearmed fighters on the La-7. Kozhedub got the plane from Б•¬ 27, in which he fought until the end of the war.
. In the Torah medal "Gold Star" deputy commander of the 176-th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (302 th Fighter Division, . 16-th Air Army, . 1 st Belorussian Front), Guard Captain Kozhedub I.N,
. awarded on Aug. 19, 1944 for 256 combat missions and personally shot down 48 enemy planes.
Once in the air battle over the territory of the enemy's La-7 was hit by Ivan Nikitovich. When the engine stalled, Kozhedub not to surrender, chose the target on the ground and began her dive. As to the goal remains very little, the engine suddenly began to function again. Then Kozhedub brought the plane out of a dive and returned safely to their base.
February 12, 1945 Kozhedub paired lieutenant VA Gromakovskim patrolled over the front edge. Finding a group of 13 FW-190, our pilots immediately attacked them and shot down 5 enemy planes. Three of them account Kozhedub, and two - his slave. Feb. 15 over the Oder Kozhedub jet fighter shot down a Me-262 non-commissioned officer K. Lange of I. / KG (J) 54.
. By the end of the Major War Kozhedub made 330 sorties, 120 combat aircraft shot down 62 enemy aircraft (does not include 2 American P-51 shot down in the spring of 1945, who first attacked him)
. His last fight, in the cat shot down 2 FW-190, held in the skies of Berlin. Throughout the war had never been shot down. He is considered the best ace Allied aircraft.
. T retey medal "Gold Star" the Major Kozhedub awarded on Aug. 18, 1945 for the high military skill, bravery and courage.
. Fter the war he continued to serve in the Air Force
. Mastered Jets. In 1949 he graduated from the Red Banner Air Force Academy in 1956 - the Military Academy of the General Staff. During the Korean War, commanded the 324 th Fighter Aviation Division (64 th Fighter Aviation Corps). But he himself banned from flying. During the year fighting pilots shot down 239 aircraft division opponent.
In 1964-1971 he was the first deputy commander of the Moscow Military District Air. Since 1971, he served in the central apparatus of the Air Force, from 1978 - the Group of Inspectors General of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR. In 1985 he was awarded the rank of Air Marshal. He was a member of the Presidium of DOSAAF. Elected deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 2.5 convocations, USSR People's Deputies. Honorary Citizen of Balti, Chuguyiv, Kaluga, Kupyansk, Sumi and others. Author of books to serve the country Б• Б•L, Б• Б•L loyalty to the Motherland. Awarded 2 orders of Lenin, . 7 Orders of Red Banner, . Order of Alexander Nevsky, . World War 1 degree, . 2 orders of Red Star, . Б• Order For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR Б•L 3 degrees, . medals, . foreign orders and medals.,
. In action on Aug. 8, 1991
. He was buried on August 12 in Moscow at the Novodevichy cemetery. Bronze bust installed at home in the village Obrazhievka. His La-7 (side Б•¬ 27) exhibited in the Air Force Museum in Monino.
Biography provided by AE Melnikov
. 1) Aircraft: Encyclopedia
. - Moscow: Great Encyclopedia of Russia, 1994.
2) Heroes of fire years. - Kn. 2. - M.: "Moscow Worker", 1976.
3) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
4) Krivoruchko MG, etc.. Moscow - Heroes of the Great Patriotic. M. worker ", 1981