(20. 6. 1923 - 6. 8. 1943)
W inaida I. Mareseva, Guard Staff Sergeant medical services, medical orderly sanitary platoon 1 st Battalion, 214 th Guards Rifle Regiment, 73rd Guards Rifle Division. Born June 20, 1923 in a. Cherkassky Volsky District, Saratov Region. Russian. She graduated from the seven-year school. Was fighting in the Stalingrad, Voronezh and Steppe Fronts. For military distinction was awarded the Order of the Red Star (1943), medals "For Military Merit" (1943) and "For the Defense of Stalingrad.
W tion of Hero of the Soviet Union Zinaida Maresevoy. posthumously awarded on Feb. 22, 1944 for bravery and courage in crossing the River Northern Donets.
. Died in hospital 06 п¦п¦пЁя¬я¦я-п¦ 1943 after being seriously wounded, resulting in the evacuation of wounded from the battlefield.
. About tvazhnaya patriot was buried in a
. Pyatnickoe Belgorod region. In 1953, her tomb is a monument.
And the name Z.I. Mareseva named one of the streets. Cherkassky.
P ervogo August 1943 214-th regiment received orders to cross the Northern Donets south of Belgorod. Here, between the villages Solomin Toplinka, the enemy concentrated parts of two infantry divisions and a large number of artillery. The Nazis occupied the defense on the heights of the right bank, overlooking the surrounding area. The approaches to the river were deliberately targeted by artillery and mortar fire. The right bank was heavily mined. However, the Guardsmen on the first day, crossed the Northern Donets and after a fierce battle took a small bridgehead on the right bank.
. Crossing the river and a piece of land on pravoberzhe occupied by Soviet soldiers, were under constant enemy fire
. At the head Guardsmen poured thousands of shells and hundreds of bombs. But the regiment went on the offensive.
Mareseva medical orderly in these difficult circumstances in a timely manner has helped the wounded. Ignoring the danger, she always was on the line of fire, crept on all fours to the severely wounded, made bandages, carried them to the shelter. And after nightfall, when the lull in the forefront of small-arms fire, she was sending the wounded on the left bank of the River.
. The next day counterattacks in the area the 1 st Battalion, were particularly strong and assertive, but they were repulsed with heavy losses
. By the end of the day the enemy launched a counter-eighth. Supported by strong artillery fire the Germans managed to bypass the left flank of the battalion. The defending this group of men, after a long unequal battle, began to move away to the river. It is noticed Mareseva. In her mind flashed an alarming thought about the fate of the wounded, who are waiting for evacuation on the left bank of the river were covered in the trenches and dugouts. Pistol in hand Zina ran towards the retreating soldiers and cries: "Not one step back!", "Go ahead, follow me!" - Forced them to stop, and then follow her into battle. The situation in the threatened area were restored. In the hot battle, which led Mareseva, destroyed more than 150 Nazis, captured 8 guns, 2 mortars and 20 grenades.
. After the counterattack was repulsed, Zina continued to bandage the wounded and brings them to the battlefield.
. By the end of August 2 field engineers across the pedestrian bridge was built
. On this bridge Mareseva under enemy fire throughout the night was sending the left bank of the Donets wounded soldiers and officers. By morning the bridge was destroyed by artillery of the enemy. Zina continued to ship the wounded on the boat. In one of the flights fragment of an exploded mine, she was fatally wounded and died on August 6 in the hospital.
. For two days, along with nurse Mareseva Buzykanovym made from the battlefield 64 wounded, 52 of them, with personal weapons, evacuated after river.
. 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968