(20. 5. 1916 - 18. 5. 2001)
M Ares Alexey fighter. Born May 20, 1916 in the town of Kamyshin Volgograd region in a working class family. Russian by nationality. In three years he left without a father, who died shortly after returning from World War I. After 8 years of secondary school, she enrolled at the school, where he specialized locksmith. Then he applied to the Moscow Aviation Institute, but instead of the Institute for the Komsomol went to build Komsomolsk-on-Amur. There, he sawed wood in the taiga, built barracks, and then the first residential neighborhoods. Simultaneously, he studied at the flying club. In the Soviet army in 1937, is intended. He served in the 12 th Aviation border unit. But, according to the most Maresyev, he did not fly, and "recorded the tails from aircraft. Truly he rose in the air already in Bataisk military pilots flying school, graduating in 1940. He served in her instructor pilot.
With howling first sortie he made Aug. 23, 1941 in the area of Krivoy Rog. Fighting by Lt. Maresiev opened in early 1942 - shot down a Ju-52. By the end of March 1942 brought by downed Nazi planes to four. April 4 in an air battle over Demyansk springboard (Novgorod Region). Maresyev fighter was shot down. He tried to land on the ice of the frozen lake, but soon released chassis. The plane was rapidly losing altitude and fell on the forest. 18 days Maresiev get on all fours to their. He frostbitten feet and had to be amputated. However, the pilot decided not to surrender. When he made prosthesis, he trained long and hard, and obtained permission to return to the ranks. Newly learned to fly in 11 emergency aviation brigade in g. Ivanovo.
In June 1943 Maresiev back in operation. He fought at Kursk in the 63rd Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment, was deputy commander of the squadron. In August 1943, Alex Maresiev during a battle at once shot down three enemy fighters FW-190.
. August 24, 1943 decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Guard lieutenant Maresyev was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
. P ozzhe fought in the Baltic region, was the navigator of the regiment
. In 1944 he joined the Communist Party. Total made 86 sorties, shot down 11 enemy planes. In June 1944, the Major Maresiev becomes the Office of the Inspector-pilot universities Air Force.
In July 1946 Maresiev honorably discharged from the Air Force. In 1952 he graduated from the Higher Party School of the Central Committee of the CPSU, in 1956 - graduate of the Academy of Social Sciences under the CPSU Central Committee, received the title of candidate of historical sciences. In the same year he became executive secretary of the Soviet War Veterans Committee, in 1983 - first deputy chairman of the committee. In this capacity he served until the last day of his life.
. P olkovnik retired AP Maresyev awarded two Orders of Lenin, . Orders of October Revolution, . Red Banner, . World War 1 degree, . two Orders of Red Banner of Labor, . Orders of Friendship of Peoples, . Red Star, . Honor, . "For merits before Fatherland" of 3 degrees, . medals, . foreign orders,
. He was an honorary soldier in military unit, an honorary citizen of Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Kamyshin, Eagle. His name is given to a small planet in the solar system, the public fund, patriotic youth clubs. Elected deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Author of the book "The Kursk" (Moscow, 1960).
E School during the war, published a book by Boris Polevoy "The Story of a Real Man, the prototype of the hero which was Maresiev (author changed only one letter in his name). In 1948 a book on Mosfilm director Alexander Stolper withdrawn eponymous movie. Maresyev even offered himself to play a major role, but he refused, and the role played professional actor Paul Kadochnikov.
. May 18, 2001 at the Theater of Russia army was planned a gala evening to mark the 85 th anniversary Maresyev, but an hour before the start of Alexei Petrovich had a heart attack
. He was taken to intensive care unit of a Moscow clinic where he died without regaining consciousness. Gala night still held, but it began with a minute of silence.
Biography provided by AE Melnikov