(21. 9. 1907 - 7. 2. 1995)
M ihail G. Machin, Guard, Air Force Major General, commander of the 5 th Guards Fighter Aviation Lviv Red Banner Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 1-degree case. Born September 21, 1907 in Art. Letyazhevka Arkadak district of Saratov region. Russian, member of the CPSU since 1927. He graduated from the school the first step on the place of birth and training courses in higher educational institutions in Voronezh. In 1931, the mobilization of the party entered Engels Military Pilot School, graduating in 1933. He served in the parts of the bomber force, and in 1940 moved to the fighter aircraft. As volunteers to fight the fascists in Spain in 1938. In August of that year participated in the battles with the Japanese at Hassan, commander of aviation brigade named after VI. Lenin. Since the beginning of World War II victory over Germany, fought in the Central, West, South West, Voronezh, 2 and 1 Ukrainian Front. He took part in defensive operations of the first period of the war, the Battle of Kursk, the liberation of Ukraine, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, defeating the enemy in Germany. Concussion in 1942. For military distinctions awarded the Order of Lenin (1948), . four Orders of the Red Banner (1938, . 1943, . 1945, . 1951), . Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 1-st degree (1945), . World War 1 and 2 nd degree (1944 - 2), . two Orders of Red Star (1942, . 1946), . medal "For Courage" (1939), . "Service in Battle" (1944), . "For the Defense of Moscow", . "For the capture of Budapest", . "For the capture of Berlin", . "For the liberation of Prague" and six other medals, . as well as the Polish Order of Virtutti military "and the Order of Germanskoy Democratic Republic of Merit to the Fatherland.,
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star Medal, Mikhail Grigorievich Machin conferred May 29, 1945 for his leadership of the hull in the Berlin operation and shown the personal courage and high organizational abilities.,
. In the postwar years, MG
. Machin graduated from the Academy of General Staff.
Died Feb. 7, 1995. He was buried in Moscow on Troekurov cemetery.
By the corps of General Machц-n at the final stage of the war led the battle to capture the work of Krakow, Czestochowa, Oppeln in the historic battle for Berlin
. Only during the Berlin offensive corps pilots fired 5773 sorties, conducted 165 air battles, during which shot down 191 enemy aircraft.
. His remarkable successes corps was largely owed to his commander
. General Machin had high prestige. That authority rested on his outstanding airmanship, courage and bravery in battle, the high culture in the work, personal organization and tough but always fair demands to subordinate. Here are some of the military operations that led, and which was personally involved general Machin.
. In summer 1942 the German High Command has decided to air strikes to disable railway junction Gorbachev, who had a great importance for our troops
. One day the message was received, the approach to the station 80 enemy bombers. General Machin raised in the air a large group of fighters and personally led it in battle. Meeting with the enemy came over the village mob. Machin with its pilots daring and resolute attacks violated the order "Junkers and Heinkel and in a fierce battle, shot down 12 bombers and three fighters. Throwing a bomb outside the target, the remaining enemy aircraft ignominiously fled the battlefield. In the air battle, General Machin personally destroyed two bombers.
. 26 July 1944 fighters under the command of General Machц-n in very difficult weather conditions provided a large group of our bombers causing successful attack on the enemy concentration in g
. Lviv. Using air strikes, ground forces entered the city on July 27 and released him from the Nazi occupiers.
Sources: 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968