(20. 10. 1917 - 9. 9. 1999)
I kov Ovodov L., Major, assistant commander of the 133rd Fighter Baranovichi Red air-regiments of infantry service, was born October 20, 1917 in a. Mordovia Karai Romanovsky District, Saratov Region. Russian. He graduated from the seven-year school in his native village, school, trade schools in g. Podolsk military school pilots named VP. Chkalov in g. Borisoglebsk. In the Soviet Army was in 1938 - 1954 respectively.
From February 1942 until the victory over Germany in World War II fought in the Crimean, Kalinin, Central and 1 st Belorussian fronts. Participated in the defense and liberation of the Crimea, in the battle to eliminate Rzhevsky enemy's bridgehead, the Battle of Kursk, the liberation of Belarus, Poland, defeating the enemy in Germany. For military distinction and impeccable service in the Soviet Army was awarded three Orders of the Red Banner (1942, . 1944 - 2), . Order of the Patriotic War, 1 st degree (1943), . Red Star (1953), . medals "For the capture of Berlin", . "For the liberation of Warsaw, and four other medals.,
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Jacob Leontievich Ovodova conferred May 15, 1946 over 224 sorties and 18 enemy aircraft shot down himself.
. Fter the war YA.L
. Ovodov lived and worked in Ukraine in g. Kiev. Died September 9, 1999.
W hen students of aviation schools asked Colonel Ovodova, what qualities must have a fighter pilot, he replied:
. - The pilot must be well prepared, especially in pilot technique, . to be able to recognize the excellent idea of the enemy in a dogfight, . maximize combat efficiency of its aircraft and weapons, . have a sense of camaraderie and a great will to win ...,
. All these qualities are fully prisushi himself Jacob Leont'evich - the famed ASU Great Patriotic War
. Here are typical examples of his high flying skills.
February 20, 1942, four "seagulls", one of which flew Ovodov, returning from a combat mission. Fuel was running out. At this time, the kite swooped down on them, eight of the latest German fighters Me-109-4-bis. Having a clear advantage in speed and armament, the Germans hoped to give short shrift to the Soviet pilots. However, the plan was thwarted by the Nazis. Leading the group "gulls" Major Kurennoy was to protect the two neobstrelyannyh pilots, joined the battle with the four "Messers" and Ovodova ordered to take the second enemy Quartet. Remembering the golden rule: "only a fighter defends attack" - Ovodov boldly entered into an unequal battle with the Nazis. He maneuvered, shied away from machine-gun bursts at the enemy and if he threw himself fiercely on the enemy, "pinched" their fire. One of his attacks to succeed. After a short queue "Messer" at the moment hung in the air stood still, and then a stone fell to the ground. Almost simultaneously dumped the vulture and Major Kurennoy. Peg fascists was hit. Pulling the opponent on their territory, without losing our pilots out of the fight and landed safely at its airport.
Even more remarkable victory scored Ovodov July 11, 1943 during a defensive battle at Kursk. At an altitude of 800 meters 8 of our "yaks" went under cloud cover for ground troops. Above the station Ponyri clouds climbed to 3000 meters. The pilots began to climb and at that time were suddenly attacked by 19 FW-190 fighter. In addition to more than double numerical superiority, the enemy had also the advantage in height. With Ovodova was at a disadvantage. Leading ordered the pilots to immediately ascend to the clouds. The enemy, meanwhile pressed "yak" and mites. Snapping fire, ably repulsing the enemy, our pilots for 30 minutes of air combat obili 5 enemy planes. Two of them destroyed the captain flies.
1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968