(8. 10. 1907 - 11. 5. 1939)
About sipenko (nee Dudnik) Pauline Denisovna - Soviet aviator, Captain. Born Oct. 8, 1907 in the village Novospasovka, now s Osipenko Berdyansk region Zaporozhye region (Ukraine), in a peasant family. It was the ninth child in the family. Ukrainka. Member of the CPSU since 1932. She graduated from primary school, courses of Poultry Farmers. Worked as head of the collective farm poultry farm.
In 1930 he decided to learn to fly. The first attempt to enter the Kachin school pilots did not succeed, and Osipenko went to work in the dining room pilots. Although a waitress, but at the airport! Flying schools taking place at multiple sites, where for 12 hours at the U-2 plane was brought starter breakfast. These permanent flight, the pilot-instructors allowed Pauline held out for the management. So she learned to fly U-2. Then, during a visit to Kachu Voroshilov, she begged him to enroll her in school, graduating in 1933.
Served as a pilot, flight commander in istribitelnoy Aviation. The summer of 1937 GP. Osipenko broke three world records in high-altitude flights with the load and no load. In 1938. she led a nonstop flight Sevastopol Б+T Archangel and her crew also found the international women's distance record for a closed curve.
. The wife of a pilot Osipenko AS (lentchika fighter
. fought in Spain)
. 24-25 September 1938 at the ANT-37 Homeland Б• Б•L (БT commander VS Grizodubova, . navigator БT MM Raskova) flew non-stop flight from Moscow БT Far East (Kirby), length of 6450 km (5910 miles direct БT ),
. During the flight was set women's world aircraft distance record.
. W and execution of this flight and for displaying courage and heroism on Nov. 2, 1938 Denisovna Polina Osipenko awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
. After the flight to Moscow Б+T Far East Osipenko Б+T inspector Technology aerobatics, mentor fighter pilots
. Elected delegate XVIII Congress of the CPSU (b).
. Major Osipenko was killed in a plane crash May 11, 1939 during a training-training sessions with the chief of the main flight inspection of the Red Army Air Force AK Serov.
. She was buried near the Kremlin wall.
. She was awarded 2 ordenamii Lenin, Order of Red Banner of Labor.
. Name Osipenko in 1939
. assigned military aviation school in Odessa, Dnipropetrovsk regional clubs, Berdyansk Teachers' Institute. Her name is given to streets and squares in Moscow, Minsk, Perm, Vladimir, Elista and other cities, the regional center and the district in Khabarovsk Krai. In the village Osipenko set her bust in the village of High Rybnovskij region Ryazan region - obelisk.
Sources: 1) Abramov A.S
. Kremlin Wall. - Publishing. 7-e, dop. - M.: Politizdat, 1987.
2) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.