(23. 5. 1916 - 13. 3. 1956)
G AIGA Mikhailovich Parshin - ground-attack pilot. Born May 23, 1916 in the village Setukha Novosilsky (now Zalegoschenskogo) region Orel region in a peasant family. Russian by nationality. Member of the CPSU since 1942. He worked as a fitter at the plant. In 1936 he graduated from the Kherson school instructors letchkov GVF, and then the highest parachute school. He worked as an instructor pilot in the flying club of Dnepropetrovsk, Cheboksary, Grozny. In the Soviet army from 1941. ÁT In 1941, pilot-instructor 28 First Reserve Aviation Regiment.
In Great Private Otechestvennoyvoyny since January 1942 in the post of pilot 65-Attack Air Regiment (central front). In December 1942-April 1943 ÁT -level commander, deputy commander of the Air Squadron 765 th Attack Aviation Regiment (North-Caucasian Front). In 1943 he graduated from the Lipetsk refresher courses officers. Since August 1943 ÁT commander of the aviation squadron 943rd Attack Air Regiment (Leningrad Front).
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star Medal, the squadron commander 943rd Attack Aviation Regiment Captain Georgi Mikhailovich Parshin awarded on Aug. 19, 1944 for their courage and bravery, . shown in battles with enemies.,
. At the final stage of the war was the assistant commander of the air-rifle service, navigator and commander of the 943rd Attack Air Regiment (Leningrad and the 3rd Belorussian Front)
. Altogether during the war carried out 253 sorties to attack concentrations of troops and equipment of the enemy, its crew shot down in aerial combat 10 enemy aircraft.
. In the Torah the Gold Star Medal, the commander of the 943rd Attack Air Regiment, Major Georgy Parshin awarded April 19, 1945.
. Since 1946 ÁT in stock
. He worked as a pilot in the transport corps of the Ministry of Aviation Industry. In 1950-1951 ÁT test pilot aircraft factory Á•¬ 30 (now ÁT Moscow Aircraft Production Association); experienced serial bomber Il-28. Since 1952 ÁT Test Pilot Research and Testing Institute, aircraft equipment; involved testing various systems and equipment on aircraft. Died March 13, 1956 when performing a test flight on IL-28.
. He was buried in Moscow on Vagankovskoye cemetery.
. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, 4 orders of the Red Banner, Order of Suvorov 3rd degree, Alexander Nevsky, World War 1-st degree, medals and foreign orders
. Its named after a street in Moscow. Bronze bust installed in the village Zalegoshch Oryol region.
From lava brave and tireless fighter bomber pilot, came to George Parshin from the first of its flights on the Leningrad front.
It looks a bit older than his years, a short, swift, with sweeping movements, with the golden forelock, stubbornly decreasing the forehead, it seemed, he could not exist outside of battle.
Vzmetaya thick clouds of snow dust, ground-attack planes roared off the ground. Parshin headed flying squadron. Here and Leningrad-white, illuminated by flashes of explosions of enemy shells, but all the same majestic, irresistibly beautiful.
Stood out clearly on the horizon Pulkovo Heights. Parshin led the squadron to Pushkin, where, according to the service monitoring, beat long-range batteries Nazis. Soon some of the most aircraft wings flashed fireballs. The front line!
The aircraft gained height. Light stratus clouds hid the land from the pilots. Parshin led a squadron of the clouds over the area where they were located in Leningrad Beat guns.
Ravines, hills, all covered with snow. I do not distinguish between the bottom. But suddenly, right under the wings, a brief flash of lightning. Gun!
-Prepare to attack! "-George commanded his squadron.
Through the glass cockpit pilot saw the plane approaching the white, snow-covered land. His keen eye discerned a little temnevshy snow square.
Speed finger pressure on the little glowing buttons, and separated from the aircraft shells and bombs. Almost to the ground Parshin brought the car from the peak and again scored high. He led the squadron in a new attack, and only when the bottom, in place of the dark squares, came a wave of fire and smoke and the Beat in Leningrad fascist "point" was silent, he gave the command:
. H achalos attack on the Leningrad front
. Parshin was leading his squadron of course the Red Village-Ropsha. Thick snow clouds hugged the aircraft to land. Wet snow close up windows of cars. But through the whitish mist sharp eyes pilot distinguished goal-tanks of the enemy, fired on our tanks.
-Go "tigers" from the rear! Parshin, gave his team wingman. He was caught in the crosshairs sight tower head tank and dived, threw him the first bomb. Parshin photographed the biggest pyre, replaced the head of the tank, and returning to their base, reported to the commander of the regiment:
-To destroy. Enemy tanks are burning!
. And when the commander replied: "a break", "George said:
. Yes-how can be a respite, when such doings?
. Parshin flew with his squadron to attack German tanks in the second, third, fourth, and then in at dawn of a new day-the fifth time
. So he flew on the first day, so flying in all the days that followed the onset.
H em in the light of friendship stronger and more selfless than the friendship of people together who looked into the face of mortal danger. Such selfless frontline friendly terms connected with Andrew George Parshina Kizima. Often, when heavy snow clouds covered their sky and could not even imagine how you can lead in such weather aircraft, Parshin and Kizima flew together to explore.
In one of the intelligence services, when the pilots have already finished photographing enemy fortifications under Kingisepp, collapsed anti-aircraft round hit the plane and the plane's tail Kizim.
-Hold me closer, Andrew, he shouted over the radio Parshin.-Up to the front line near. II, where their paths begin to burst fireballs enemy projectiles, aircraft Parshina covered his wing wounded another car.
And a new morning, and both led the squadron commander to attack a large group of German tanks. When you exit the attack on them from behind a cloud jumped six roundnose German fighters.
Beat-Fokker! "Shouted Parshin his arrow Bondarenko. And: as if in answer to his command in the air, rolled over and enveloped in the smoke went to the land of the enemy fighter.
All further happened with lightning speed: in the attack Parshina rushed another fighter, but at the same moment it collapsed long bursts stormtrooper Kizim.
-Andrew!-Learned Parshin car druga.-Thanks! Rescued!
The second "Focke-Wulf", breaking into pieces, flying to the ground.
Parshin struck again on the tanks. The plane he was severely shaken, and the gun fell silent arrow. It was clear that his attack hit.
-I am wounded, he heard a voice Bondarenko.
Another shell hit the rudders control. A sharp pain seared his face and right arm Parshina. He barely moved attack in level flight.
Only to endure to the front. Just ten miles, no more. But the fascist fighters stubbornly pursued his. Rudders control no longer obeyed the pilot. Acrid smoke enveloped the cabin, with terrifying speed approaching the earth. At the bottom was a dark forest ...
Parshin not returned from the flight. But the idea that he might die in the regiment seemed implausible, and neither the commander nor the pilots did not leave until late at night from the airfield, waiting for what was about to fly George.
It was dark; Technology masked at night, cars, and Parshin and his hand Bondarenko was.
On this day, the regiment received a few new assault vehicles. One of them is particularly attracted the attention of pilots. On the right side of its fuselage, large red letters was derived inscription: "Vengeance Barinov," on the left-"For Leningrad. It is reported by the command, this machine was built with funds two leningradok Barinov-Praskovia Vasil'yevna and her daughter Evgenia Petrovna-employee of one of the Leningrad clinics. They have made to the State Bank to build a stormtrooper had their savings. In a letter to the regiment patriot asked to deliver this attack very brave pilot.
"Let the pilot of our plane will not forget about the pain endured by us, the Leningrad!" Wrote Barinovy.-Let it gives the enemy no rest in the air or on the earth! Let exempt from the fascist hordes of native land ".
Tired of bloody bandages on their faces, in scratches and burns came Parshin and Bondarenko in the dugout KP.
-George, "exclaimed Kizima, rushed to a friend.
-Thank you for the downed Fokker, and then who knows, maybe it has not returned to ...- said Parshin. He immediately rang in the dugout of his staccato voice, reported to the commander:
-Our ignited German fighter attack fell on the forest. Trees amortized blow. We managed to jump out! The plane exploded ... We met in the forest scouts. Let's go with them for "language". They helped us
. And, after finishing the report, asked the commander:
. -On what kind of car I would fly tomorrow, Comrade Major?
. Discussing the issue, who give attack "Revenge Barinov," part of the command chose Georgy Parshin
The pilot finished viewing the new machine, when the airfield flashed the news:
Barinova arrived! We arrived the hostess airplane!
Together with the commander of the regiment they came to the aircraft.
-Comrade Major, let me fly with them to Leningrad, and, unexpectedly turned to the commander Parshin.
After receiving permission, George sat in the cockpit Barinov arrow, and so gently as he could, he tore off attack from the ground. He flew with a passenger on the silver bend of the Neva, over the avenues of the city. Then he spun the car in the direction of the airfield and gently led her to land.
Barinov spent the day in the close-knit family of pilots.
Never has a car was not so dear Parshin, as this. It was for him a symbol of the indissoluble connection and unity of the people with his army. He asked the regimental artist to paint on the left side of the fuselage, next to "For Leningrad, contour and Paul Fortress and arrow. On the right side, next to the "Revenge Barinov, or four red stars, through downed their aircraft
. Although, . as told George, . not always fall, the party attack aircraft, . so that the enemy plane shot down, . however, in his very first flight on the new plane, . making a "walk" on a reconnaissance mission to the airfield, . He saw jumped out from under his wing a long plane with a blue swastika on the fuselage,
. Scout! Pressure on the trigger guns and cannons, and the enemy aircraft went to the ground. On this day, the aircraft "The Revenge Barinov" appeared in the fifth red star.
A iniya front retreating farther and farther away from Leningrad.
Squadron Parshina waged continuous battles. George sought out enemy vehicles, tanks, self-propelled guns, and diving on the "objective", destroying its. He struck at enemy airfields at a time when there was more than just aircraft. Not letting them take off, he would throw its mighty weight on the airfield to the enemy until it turned into a raging sea of fire.
Parshin always appears where most needed his help. In the name of the commander of the regiment began to receive telegrams and letters from the infantry, artillery, tank. They thanked the pilot Parshin for help in battle. "We know his plane to land," they wrote.
In August 1944, shortly before the Day of aviation in the life Parshina been a great event. Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR he was given the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
He was eager to fight. But received strict orders to the regimental commander-day rest.
Oh, if you went out to relax, "said Parshin," let fly to Leningrad, Comrade Captain!
After receiving permission, he flew to Leningrad.
Carefully looking at the traits of the hero-city, Parshin was walking along the streets clean and tidy, at Theater Square, past the damaged Nazi bomb and already standing in the forests of the building of the Opera and Ballet SM. Kirov. Then turned to the prospect McLean, found he needed a house, knocked on the apartment Barinov.
Barinova greeted him like a mother. They had a long conversation that evening.
-I have two dreams, "said he Parshin.-First-fly on your plane to Berlin and settle with the Nazis for everything that moved the people of Leningrad.
-Back to Leningrad ...
The offensive of the Leningrad front became steeper. Now George Parshina squadron flew over the cities, villages and hamlets of Soviet Estonia. Radio brings to the control point battle voice Parshin:
-The enemy flees. Prepare the fuel for my car!
Too low-flying, Captain! The tops of the trees in the radiator Bring machine, "marveled the old techniques, shooting from aircraft Parshina birch twigs.
With pleasure raskurivaya strong after-dinner cigarette, Parshin was standing on the porch of a log cabin in which lived the commanders of squadrons. Substituting flushed face fresh wet wind, he looked at gleamed white in the moonlight near a little hut Estonian peasants.
Re-live beginning. Facilities are establishing their.
Suddenly, from the airport was a powerful volleys.
Tallinn-taken! Tallinn'm adopted!, Came to his hearing someone's excited voice. At the same time someone handed him a letter in a large home-made envelope.
He read it immediately when the light torch.
"I built a new house instead of burnt by the Nazis. When are you coming, son? At least for a day at home broke, "wrote George's mother.
And at night, illuminated by flashes of celebratory missiles, he clearly saw her, bent, gray hair, think about it day and night, day and night ... Saw his village Setukha such as it was before, with apple and pear orchards, timbered. huts surrounded by a painty fences, the golden waves of grain on the collective farms ...
H and the latter captured from Nazi storm troopers boarded the airport before the team managed to go there to deliver the service fuel and ammunition.
-Look, world!-Parshin came to his letchikam., received an urgent order to cover our landing with the landing on the island of Dago!
-What will fly? We even have nothing to fill the machine!-Agitated pilots.
-Nichego. said confidently Parshin. I've already arranged with the commander. One six lead Kizima, another-I. We break the remnants of fuel from the tanks of all vehicles in our aircraft. Take away all the remaining shells. Do not fear that an incomplete set!..
Soviet ships were already at sea, when they appeared on two groups of storm troopers. And immediately with temnevshego ahead Dago Island boats opened fire on the enemy's guns. Some of the most boards, reared high water, exploded a few shells.
Parshin and Kizima rushed to the island and drastically dived on two boats on the Beat Battery. Batteries silent.
But Parshin knew that as soon as the boats come to the island, the batteries once again open fire on them. To ensure the success of the landing, must outwit the enemy.
-Put the boat in their defensive circle. I also put her, "he said on the radio Kizime.-will attack idle. Shells protect in extreme cases!
And two groups of storm troopers led by their commanders swirled over the enemy positions. All cliff diving on the battery, they were carrying behind a calling, paralyzing the will of the enemy rapidity of their attacks.
Only when all the paratroopers landed on the island, the batteries of the enemy shells struck the last Soviet attack.
In the days of fighting for the liberation of Soviet Estonia, Major Georgy Parshin was appointed commander of the regiment. Parshin knew what a huge responsibility fell on his shoulders.
Together with other aviation units of the Leningrad front attack planes flew to the borders of East Prussia.
The fighting was in the direction of Konigsberg. Parshin broke through with its pilots through the barriers of the Nazis, and losing by attack, stormed the most persistent "goal", destroying guns, trains, set fire to the tanks, trying to stop the movement of Soviet troops.
In one of the busiest days of the offensive, he gathered the commanders of squadrons in the command post.
Major-German group southwest of Konigsberg is pressed to the sea by our troops, "he explained pilots new zadachu.-We must prevent the group to move to the port Pillau. Along with the artillery to hit all floating equipment. I warn you, will drop bombs, not to hurt planes bomb blasts, will fly low
. Attack aircraft flew to the port of Rosenberg, where dozens of barges, boats, homemade rafts and boats sailed from the port, trying to get to spit in the Gulf Frisch Haff.
. We attack the head-ship, ordered his Parshin shturmovikam.-beat piercing
By moving the aircraft from the peak, saw the bomb smashed deck. So, as soon as the storm troopers to repeat the blow and gain the height, in the holds of the explosions occur.
Now, on a barge! Beat fragmentation!
New series of bombs. A new set of height. New goal-boat!
Long reflected in the water glow from the burning boats and barges.
In one of the sorties in the area Goldapa was seriously injured Andrew Kizima. On a small Lear jet Parshin took his friend to the hospital in Kaunas.
After treatment in the hospital on the orders of command Kizima had to go to a sanatorium. The war ended for him. In the hospital, sitting near the bed wounded another, Parshin tried not to betray his emotion and without a sorry Kizim.
-What are you so upset, Andrew, "he consoled druga.-For you are not a war somewhere, and in East Prussia, in the lair of the beast, end up.
Returning to the airfield, Parshin immediately assembled pilots kizimovskoy Squadron.
-Here is what the eagles, "he said to him, do you think the commander should be treated and recover. Why should you destroy the enemy as if he was with you. In the first sortie, I'll take on the job and your squadron, with his. It began storming of KöTnigsberg.
Konigsberg-the bulwark of the SS-living out his last hours. Germans, surrounded on all sides by the Soviet troops had already cut off from the port Pillau, turned into a stronghold of every house. They fired their guns on the set of airfields, which is now based Soviet pilots on the advancing Soviet infantry and tanks.
Skillfully maneuvering between tracks anti-aircraft fire, Parshin dive to Beat by Soviet troops gun.
He was developing with the commanders of squadrons plan for the implementation of the next job, when he was summoned to the phone.
-Says Chief of Staff Divisions. We received a telegram. Congratulations on your assignment for the second time the title of Hero of the Soviet Union!-Parshin heard on the telephone.
-Serve the Soviet Union! "Replied George.
Joy George Parshina was particularly full, as the same day, 19 apredya 1945, was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union, his friend Andrei Kizim.
H astupil great day of victory over Nazi Germany.
-Garnish with fresh flowers all the planes, "ordered the pilots Parshin," Today, Victory Day, we commit bimillenary on account of our departure the regiment.
Above the cities of Germany to greet the sun large bearings flying attack aircraft for the commander.
At the command "fire" the pilots pressed the button release gear, and with the spring sky in the streets of German cities fell multicolored rain of leaflets, in which the Soviet command herald the beginning of the complete capitulation of Nazi Germany.
... Ran smoothly on the runway, easily broken away from the airfield attack "Revenge Barinov". Twice Hero of the Soviet Union, Major George Parshin took a course from one of the airfields in Germany at the Leningrad. Hand pilot lay quietly on the stick. Under the wings of his plane was floating land, their own, Soviet, dear, freed from foreign invasion and already is gaining new strength to its heyday.
The land on which the alleged human happiness. And he was called upon to protect this happiness.
Sources: 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) People of the immortal exploits. Moscow submarine v.2 1975