(16. 6. 1933 - 30. 6. 1971)
P atsaev Viktor Ivanovich - Astronaut. Born June 16, 1933 in the city of Aktobe (Kazakhstan) in the family of an employee. Russian. Member of the CPSU since 1968. In 6 years I went to school. The first class graduated with testimonial. When the war began, his father, Ivan Panteleevich, a volunteer went to the front and died in October 1941 in the Battle of Moscow. His mother, Maria S., mother of two children and worked: the trains unloaded the wounded, directed the Commission to collect and send to the front of warm clothes, for the construction of the tank column deposited their savings - 12 thousand. rubles.
Since 1946, Victor has lived and studied in Nesterov Kalinin region. Then he entered the Penza Industrial Institute. During the studies involved fencing and participated regularly in the scientific and technical conferences, wrote articles for local newspaper Young Leninist Á• Á•L. In June 1955 he defended his thesis project at the excellent on Development Á• Á•L harmonic analyzer functions. On the distribution sent to the Central Aerological Observatory of the USSR Hydrometeorological Service. One year later he became a senior engineer of the Research Department of the upper atmosphere. Developed a number of upper-air devices. Working in the observatory, at the same time he studied at the flying club. In 1958 he went to work for KB SP Korolev. Candidates passed the minimum and enrolled in graduate. In 1968 he enlisted in the cosmonaut corps.
6-30 made in June 1971 cosmic flight on the complex Á• Soyuz-11 Á•L - Á• Á•L Fireworks as a test engineer. June 7 at 10.45 he first came on board the orbital station Salyut Á• Á•L. During the 23-day flight Patsayev conducted a comprehensive set of tests of various systems on board, . conducted numerous scientific experiments and studies: high-frequency electron spin resonance to transmit radio antenna, . research in the field of low temperature plasma, . spectrography star Beta Centauri using the orbiting observatory Orion Á• Á•L, . study the earth's atmosphere by spectrography daylight and twilight horizon, . study of the polarization of sunlight, . lighting effects in the work of the Governing Engines, . influence of environment on the optical surface of windows with different coatings, . cultivation in conditions of weightlessness Khibiny cabbage, . flax and onions krepsisa,
. The results of his work played an important role in the development of technology of manned space flight. Total spent 568 hours in space of 42 minutes 12 seconds, flew 15,911,000 miles.
June 30 while returning to the land occurred depressurization capsule (prematurely opened valve, egged on air). When the search party and opened the door of the landing vehicle, the astronauts found sitting motionless in the workplace. All reanimation results gave no. The crew of the ship (Timofeevich Georgy Dobrovolsky, Vladislav Volkov, Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev) died.
June 30, 1971 VI Patsaev posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. Awarded the Order of Lenin and medals.
He was buried in Red Square in the Kremlin wall. His name is given to a crater on the Moon and the asteroid 1791 Patsayev, streets in Aktobe and Kaluga. On the street its name in Kaluga, a memorial plaque.
Biography provided by AE Melnikov
. 1) Abramov A.S
. Kremlin Wall. - Publishing. 7-e, dop. - M.: Politizdat, 1987.
2) The heroes and exploits. - Kn. 6. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1978
3) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
4) Rebrov M.F. Soviet cosmonauts. - Publishing. 2-e, dop .- M., 1983.
5) Romanov, AP, Lebedev LA, Lukyanov B.B. Sons of the blue planet. - M., 1981
6) Men's space exploits. - M., 1981