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PLEKHANOV Andrew Philipovich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography PLEKHANOV Andrew Philipovich
photo PLEKHANOV Andrew Philipovich
(15. 8. 1918 - 21. 6. 1986)

.

A ndrey Filippovich Plekhanov, . Guard Captain, . Deputy Squadron 73rd Guards Fighter Aviation Stalingrad the Red Banner Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky Regiment (3rd Guards Fighter Aviation Corps, . 5-th Air Army, . 2 Second Ukrainian Front), . born August 15, 1918 in a,
. Pokurlee Volsky District, Saratov Region. Russian. He graduated from the seven-year school and school FZO. In 1935 - 1939 he worked as an electrician in Saratov, while he studied at the flying club. In the Soviet Army, he served from 1939 to 1948. He graduated from the military aviation school, he worked at the school instructor pilot. From December 1941 to victory over Germany in World War II fought in the South, Stalingrad, 4, 1 and 2 of the First Ukrainian Front. Participated in the defense of Stalingrad, Rostov, . liberation of Ukraine, . Crimea, . Hungary, . Czechoslovakia defeat the enemy on the territory of Austria, . For military distinction awarded three Orders of the Red 3.nameni (1942, . 1943, . 1945), . Order of Alexander Nevsky (1944), . two Orders of the Patriotic War of degree 1 (1944, . 1945), . medal "For Defense of Stalingrad, . "For the capture of Budapest", . "For the capture of Vienna" and three other medals.,

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Andrei Plekhanov Philipovich conferred May 15, 1946 for the 596 successful sorties, . 16 personally kills and 8 shot down enemy planes and for displaying valor and courage.,

.

In the first year of the war Plekhanov flew by-2 - night bomber
. He made 215 sorties, dropping 40 tons of bombs enemy. Only on the night of March 28, 1942 he made 10 combat sorties and destroyed villages in the districts Sobolevka and deep three mortars and dot the enemy.

Since the end of 1942, Plekhanov was to fly fighter. YAK-1, he flew a reconnaissance of the enemy, support attack aircraft, a cover for their ground troops to attack the enemy, free hunting and intercept enemy planes. All tasks carried out in time, with due diligence, with high military skill.

Guard Lieutenant Plekhanov п-.пг. one of the air battles in 1943, beat off an attack by enemy fighters on the ground attack. When denied the weapons, he decided to go to ram. Fascist understand the intentions of Plekhanov and trying to leave, began to maneuver. Clearly nervous, he swung the plane and removed the gas, but, losing speed, crashed into the ground. Plekhanov landed safely at its airport.

During the battles for the liberation of the Crimea, 11 April 1944, Plekhanov, escorting a group of storm troopers, said at the airport taking off Veseloe "Junkers-87". Rapid attack to hit an enemy dive bomber pilot, who fell and burned near an airport.

Especially distinguished Plekhanov in air battles over Czechoslovakia. April 24, 1946 while returning from a mission he met with four comrades on his airfield, four enemy "Focke-Wulf-190". Bold attack our pilots shot down two enemy aircraft, including one of them was destroyed by Plekhanov. The bombing of our airport was averted.

April 25, 1945, four Yak-9, led by Captain Plekhanov, patrolling over g. Brno. Not far from the city Soviet pilots met 16 "Focke-Wulf", coming from the city Trebic bomb District location of our tanks. Despite the fourfold superiority of the enemy, Plekhanov and his group boldly attacked the enemy planes. Battle order of the Nazis was upset. Hitler's pilots were forced to drop their bombs on their position and take the battle. For unprecedented duel that lasted 30 minutes, with bated breath watching the ground troops and local population. Captain Plekhanov successful martial reversal came in the tail of a Fokker. Fascist tried to get away from the blow immelmanom, but the Soviet pilot made a hill, turned out to be higher than the Germans, quickly attacked him from above, behind and from a distance of 76 - 50 meters long burst of cannon and machine gun struck the enemy. Fokker caught fire and crashed into the ground next to the command post in the moderated. Gosteradki, which were Marshal R.YA. Malinowski and Marshal of Aviation GA. Vorozheikin. The same day Captain Plekhanov shot down another enemy fighter, which fell in the forest north-east of Mr.. Brno.

In 1948. п-.пг year. Plekhanov on health grounds was dismissed from the Soviet Army in reserve. Lived and worked in Mr.. Saratov. Died June 21, 1986.


---
Sources:
1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968


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